Q: Name the muscles involved in abduction and adduction at upper limb ? View Card Explanation Latissimus dorsi helps in adduction of the upper limb.   Muscles involved in abduction of the upper limb are: Deltoid Supraspinatus Long head of biceps brachii Serratus anterior and trapezius helps in this movement by producing slight rotation of […]

Microbiolgy Image Based Question

Q:Identify the bacteria which shows specific appearance as represented in the photomicrograph below and reaction with polychrome methylene blue ?   A : B anthracis B :Vibrio C : Spirillium D : Spirochete Show Answer Ans: A Explanation The image is showing MC Faydens reaction. Bacillus anthracis, the organism that causes anthrax,a large Gram positive, aerobic, rod shaped,spore bearing […]

Q: Identify the Instrument shown in the Image Below A : Cusco’s Speculum B : Sims Speculum C : Fergusson Speculum D : Auvard Speculum Show Answer Ans: B Explanation The image shows Sims Speculum •Also called Duck Bill Speculum • Used to retract vaginal wall (Usually Post wall) • Double / Single ended (Blades atraumatic […]

Q: The Peripheral Smear of a patient shows the following picture. Differential Diagnosis will not include A : Vitamin B12 Deficiency B : Folic Acid Deficiency  C : Malabsorption Syndrome D : None of the Above Show Answer Ans: D Explanation The P/S shows Megalobastic Anemia

Q: The Histology slides of Spleen Shows the Following Picture. Probable Diagnosis ? A : Sickle cell anemia B : Thalassaemia C : Hereditary spherocytosis D : Vit.B1, deficiency Show Answer Ans: A Explanation The Histoloyg Slides Shows Gandy Gamna Bodies. Gandy-Gamma bodies —> These are foci of fibrosis containing iron and calcium salts deposits […]

Q: Diagnosis based on Xray shown below A : Rickets B : Scurvy C : Osteoporosis D : Rheumatoid Arthritis  Show Answer Ans: B Explanation The ends of the long bones, especially about the knee, demonstrate disorganized, densely calcified growth zones. This results in the sclerotic epiphyseal rim (Wimburger’s sign) and the dense metaphyseal line […]

Q: The Xay of a 17 Year Old Male is shown. Most Probable Diagnosis A : Scurvy B : Rickets C : Rheumatoid Arthritis  D : Hemophilic Arthopathy  Show Answer Ans: D Explanation Haemophilic arthropathy – knee Periarticular osteoporosis and epiphyseal enlargement are seen at left knee radiograph with widened intercondylar notch. There is also […]

Q: Nerve Biopsy Shows Onion Peel Apperance as seen in the Diagram Diagnosis ? A : Amyloid neuropathy B : Diabetic neuropathy C : Leprous neuritis D : Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) Show Answer Ans: D Explanation   Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) Chronic inflammatory demvelinatina polyneuropathv (CIDP) Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP, also […]

Q: A case of Yok Sac Tumor shows the following Histology as seen in the diagram. Identify the body  A : Schiller-Duval body B : Psammoma body C : Call-Exner bodies D : Homer-Wright rosettes Show Answer Ans: A Explanation Schiller-Duval body is a distinctive perivascular structure seen in the endodermal sinus pattern of yolk sac tumor. It consists […]

Q: The Common complication of the disease shown in the diagram is ? A : Esophagitis B : Aspiration pneumonitis C : Volvulus D : Esophageal stricture Show Answer Ans: A Explanation There are 4 types of hiatal hernia Type I : Sliding hernia (most common type — 70 – 80%) Type II : Paraesophageal or rolling hernia […]