D. Ligature strangulation.
The image shown is of a Hyoid bone fracture.
- Hyoid bone fracture is most commonly seen in Strangulation(Manual or Ligature) and in Hanging.
- “Strangulation” and “Choking” are not the same thing.
- Choking is when air flow is blocked by food or a foreign object in the trachea – something that can be addressed by the Heimlich maneuver.
- Strangulation, by contrast, is defined by reduced air flow and/or blood flow to or from the brain via the intentional external compression of blood vessels or the airway in the neck. Notably, however, many victims of strangulation refer to the assault as “choking”.
- Manual strangulationis the most common method of strangulation, although ligatures are sometimes used.
- In smothering, choking, gagging, there is no fracture of hyoid bone, because in these throat (neck) is not touched.