D. All of the above
Ans is Hypocalcemia
Condition shown in the image is Tetany
- It is a disorder of increased neuronal excitability.
- It can be a manifestation of multiple disorders, viz. hypocalcemia, alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, and Hyper Ventilation syndrome.
- Tetany is characterized by contraction of distal muscles of the hands (carpal spasm with extension of interphalangeal joints and adduction and flexion of the metacarpophalangeal joints) and feet (pedal spasm) and is associated with tingling around the mouth and distally in the limbs.
- Trousseau sign and Chvostek sign are clinical tests to unmask latent tetany.