A. Activation of the immune system
B. Fungal infection
C. Bacterial infection
D. Viral infection
Ans:A. Activation of the immune system.
The patient in question is suffering from Erythema Toxicum Neonatorum.
ERYTHEMA TOXICUM NEONATORUM
- Erythema toxicum neonatorum is a common rash in neonates .
It appears in up to half of newborns carried to term, usually between day 2–5 after birth.
- Erythema toxicum is characterized by blotchy red spots on the skin with overlying white or yellow papules or pustules.
- These lesions may be few or numerous. The eruption typically resolves within first two weeks of life, and frequently individual lesions will appear and disappear within minutes or hours. It is a benign condition thought to cause no discomfort to the baby.
- The cause of erythema toxicum is thought to be an activation of the immune system.
- Smear of sterile vesicle/pustule shows eosinophils
- Histology: subcorneal pustules with eosinophils, associated with pilosebaceous unit
- Because the eruption is transient and self-limiting, no treatment is indicated.