C. Parvo Virus
Ans:C. Parvo Virus
Erythema infectiosum(Slapped Cheek Syndrome) is shown in the image.
- Erythema infectiosum or fifth disease is one of several possible manifestations of infection by parvovirus B19.
- The name “fifth disease” comes from its place on the standard list of rash-causing childhood diseases, which also includes measles (1st), scarlet fever (2nd), rubella (3rd), Dukes’ disease (4th, however is no longer widely accepted as distinct) and roseola (6th).
- Fifth disease starts with a low-grade fever, headache, rash, and cold-like symptoms, such as a runny or stuffy nose. These symptoms pass, then a few days later the rash appears. The bright red rash most commonly appears in the face, particularly the cheeks. This is a defining symptom of the infection in children (hence the name “slapped cheek disease”).
- Teenagers and adults may present with a self-limited arthritis.
- Fifth disease is transmitted primarily by respiratory secretions (saliva, mucus, etc.) but can also be spread by contact with infected blood. The incubation period (the time between the initial infection and the onset of symptoms) is usually between 4 and 21 days. Individuals with fifth disease are most infectious before the onset of symptoms.