The following behavior is seen in :
Ans: A. Catatonia.
- Characterized by a marked disturbance of motor behavior.
- Most common cause of catatonia is schizophrenia.
- However, it may also occur in depression, mania, conversion-dissociative disorders, reactive psychosis, hypnosis, anxiety disorders and many medical disorders.
Types: Catatonia may be of following types:-
- Catatonic excitement:
- Excited, uncontrolled motor activity, not influenced by external stimuli.
- Catatonic posturing:
- Voluntary adoption of an unusual or bizarre position that is then maintained for some time.
- Catatonic rigidity:
- Maintaining a fixed position and rigidity resisting all attempts to be moved.
- Waxy flexibility:
- Flexibilitas cerea / catalepsy
- Maintaining of particular posture imposed on the patient by an examiner, even if the posture, is bizzare & uncomfortable.
- Patient can be moulded like wax into position that is then maintained.
- Catatonic stupor:
- Patient is mute and immobile (akinetic mutism) but fully conscious.
- Catatonic negativism:
- A seemingly motiveless resistance to all instructions or attempts to be moved.
- Automatic obedience:
- Exactly reverse to negativism, i.e., unhesitating compliance to all instructions without apparent conscious control.