Physical Torture

Physical Torture


Introduction

  • Tokyo Declaration of the World Medical Association in 1975, defined torture in relation to detention and prison as “the deliberate or intentional systematic wanton infliction of physical of mental suffering by one or more persons acting alone, or on the orders of any authority, to force another person to yield information, to make a confession, or for any reason”.
  • Modern definition of torture as given in the “U.N. Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment”

The severity, extent and appearance of injuries depend on the various factors :

  1. The age of the person,
  2. Sex,
  3. Presence/absence of clothing,
  4. Built and nourishment,
  5. Presence of any  pre-existing  illness,
  6. Type of the offending object,
  7. The force of impact,
  8. Number and duration of the each session of beatings,
  9. Time interval between the sessions of beatings.
  10. Time interval between the torture and examination.

Torture  may be  physical  or psychological.  Important  methods  of  physical  torture are

  • TELEFONO consists of repeated slapping of the sides of the head[over the ears] by open palms of the assailant .this may cause rupture of ear drums.
  • FALANGA (also known as falaka or bastinado) In this canes/rods are used to beat on the soles of the feet , which is very painful and debilitating. Aseptic necrosis may occur. also hyper pigmentation is seen along lines of injury.
  • SUBMARINO [also known as latina] Victim suffers forced immersion of head in water often contaminated with feces/urine until suffocation.
  • DRY SUBMARINO is tying a plastic bag over the head up to the point of suffocation.
  • SAW HORSE forced straddling of a bar, forcing the victim to sit on a Rod like one sits on horse back, leading to perineal/scrotal hematoma.
  • CATTLE PROD [electric shock]  especially over the genitals , Here a magnetic device delivering high voltage may be used in which burns may not be found on skin, but it causes severe pain.
  • BLACK SLAVE here a heated metal spear like object, is inserted into anus causing rectal/ perinea burns.
  • Parrot’s perch: head down from a horizontal pole placed under the knees with wrists bound to ankle
  • Chapuwa: the legs and thighs are tied very tightly with bamboo sticks to induce severe pain. (practiced  on  Bhutanese refugees  in  Nepal).
  • Ghotna: rolling a wooden log over the things up and down, while the long is weighed by one or two policemen standing on it 
  • Sham execution: victim is blind folded and asked to stand before a wall and then threatened that a vehicle is going to hit him. He hears the sound of a vehicle very near to him, causing fear and shock
  • Dunking: victim is immersed into water, taken out after some time and given chance to confess.
  • Pharmacological torture: Here psychotropic and/or other chemicals are used to induce pain and agony. Likewise victim is forcibly injected with addictive drugs so much so that he becomes addicted to it only to be denied to the drug and forced to go through withdrawal symptoms, unless they comply with the demands of torturer, drug will not be given to them. Strong acids/alkalis are used to cause burns

Exam Important

  • TELEFONO consists of repeated slapping of the sides of the head[over the ears] by open palms of the assailant .this may cause rupture of ear drums.
  • FALANGA (also known as falaka or bastinado) In this canes/rods are used to beat on the soles of the feet , which is very painful and debilitating. Aseptic necrosis may occur. also hyper pigmentation is seen along lines of injury.
  • SUBMARINO [also known as latina] Victim suffers forced immersion of head in water often contaminated with feces/urine until suffocation.
  • DRY SUBMARINO is tying a plastic bag over the head up to the point of suffocation.
  • SAW HORSE forced straddling of a bar, forcing the victim to sit on a Rod like one sits on horse back, leading to perineal/scrotal hematoma.
  • CATTLE PROD [electric shock]  especially over the genitals , Here a magnetic device delivering high voltage may be used in which burns may not be found on skin, but it causes severe pain.
  • BLACK SLAVE here a heated metal spear like object, is inserted into anus causing rectal/ perinea burns.
  • Parrot’s perch: head down from a horizontal pole placed under the knees with wrists bound to ankle
  • Chapuwa: the legs and thighs are tied very tightly with bamboo sticks to induce severe pain. (practiced  on  Bhutanese refugees  in  Nepal).
  • Ghotna: rolling a wooden log over the things up and down, while the long is weighed by one or two policemen standing on it 
  • Sham execution: victim is blind folded and asked to stand before a wall and then threatened that a vehicle is going to hit him. He hears the sound of a vehicle very near to him, causing fear and shock
  • Dunking: victim is immersed into water, taken out after some time and given chance to confess.
  • Pharmacological torture: Here psychotropic and/or other chemicals are used to induce pain and agony. Likewise victim is forcibly injected with addictive drugs so much so that he becomes addicted to it only to be denied to the drug and forced to go through withdrawal symptoms, unless they comply with the demands of torturer, drug will not be given to them. Strong acids/alkalis are used to cause burns

 

Don’t Forget to Solve all the previous Year Question asked on Physical Torture

Module Below Start Quiz

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