Vincent Angina

VINCENT ANGINA


VINCENT’S ANGINA

  • Vincent’s angina is an acute, painful ulceromembranous stomatitis or acute ulcerative gingivitis and stomatitis.
  • It may occur as-
  1. Acute form- involves tissues diffusely
  2. Chronic form- ulceration of tonsils

ETIOLOGY

  • Caused by Vincent’s organisms- Borrelia vincentii, an anaerobic spirochaete & fusiform (gram-negative rods).
  • Malnutrition, DM, tooth caries.

CLINICAL FEATURES-

  • Seen in children & young adults.
  • Seen in 20-40 years age
  • Very painful gingival with fever, malaise & toxaemia
  • Gingiva are swollen, red, inflamed.
  • Difficulty in swallowing, painful swallowing (odynophagia), foetor oris.

TREATMENT-

  • Mouth wash with hydrogen peroxide
  • Injection penicillin (6-7 days)
  • Metronidazole for anaerobic organism

Exam Important

  • Vincent’s angina is an acute, painful ulceromembranous stomatitis or acute ulcerative gingivitis and stomatitis.

ETIOLOGY

  • Caused by Vincent’s organisms- Borrelia vincentii, an anaerobic spirochaete & fusiform (gram-negative rods).
  • Malnutrition, DM, tooth caries.
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