The injury shown in the picture below is best identified using ?
The injury shown in the picture above represents a Bone bruise, or contusion
- It is a traumatic injury to a bone that is less severe than a bone fracture.
- Bones close to the surface of your skin are more likely to be bruised than other bones.
- Bone bruises commonly occur in the knee or femur, but can also occur in the wrist, elbow, heel, foot, hip or pelvis.
- Black and blue mark on skin happens when an injury damages small blood vessels and causes blood and fluid to leak into the nearby tissues and blood vessels.
- There are three types of bone bruises:
- Subperiosteal hematoma:With a bone fracture, all of the trabeculae in a region of bone have broken. But with a bone bruise, an injury only damages some of these trabeculae. An injury might cause blood to build up in the area beneath the periosteum. This causes a subperiosteal hematoma
- Subchondral bruise:An injury might also cause bleeding and swelling in the area between your cartilage and the bone beneath it. This causes a subchondral bone bruise.
- Interosseous bruise: bleeding and swelling can happen in the medulla of your bone. This is called an interosseous bone bruise.
- Significant pain and swelling
- The pain is more severe than a soft tissue bruise
- Tenderness and pain lasting longer than a usual bruise
- Trouble using an injured joint
- A bone bruise or contusion is best identified using MRI scan.
- A bone bruise doesn’t show up on an X-ray.