Artificial incised wound.
The nut shown in the picture above is semicarpus anacardium which is used to prodouce artificial bruise.
- Latin name: Semecarpus anacardium
- English name: Marking nut
- Laundry marker,Quack remedy for assorted ailments,Ink Preparation
- The nut is black, roughly cone shaped, and has a thick pericarp.
- The contained juice is brown, oily, and acrid.
- Its active principles are Semecarpol and bhilawanol.
- Medicolegal aspects:
- The juice is used as an abortifacient by application to the os uteri by means of an abortion stick. It is applied to the genitals as a punishment for adultery.
- It is used by malingerers to produce an artificial bruise to support a false charge; its presence, however, can be detected by chemical analysis of the blister fluid.
- The juice may be instilled into the eyes to produce an irritant conjunctivitis.
- This is resorted to by personnel in army, navy or air force when they wish to leave the job or by inmates of jail to avoid work.
- Accidental poisoning may occur from internal administration by quacks.
Effusion of blood into tissues due to rupture of blood vessels caused by blunt trauma.
|Artificial bruise||True bruise|
|Caused by Juice of marking nut, calotropis,Plumbago rosea||Trauma|
|Dark brown color||Color changes|
|Well defined margins||Merge with surrounding areas|
|Redness seen in the surrounding skin||Redness in the site of injury|