Retention cyst of the sublingual gland
Retention cyst of the submandibular gland
Extravasation cyst of the sublingual gland
Extravasation cyst of the submandibular gland
Ans:C-Extravasation cyst of the sublingual gland.
The image shows Ranula.
A ranula is a mucus extravasation cyst involving a sublingual gland and is a type of mucocele found on the floor of the mouth. Ranula presents as swelling of connective tissue consisting of collected mucin from a ruptured salivary gland caused by local trauma.
- Describes a blue, translucent swelling in the floor of the mouth, reminiscent of the underbelly of a frog.
- It is an uncommon type of mucus-filled cyst (mucocele) arising from the sublingual salivary glands on the floor of the mouth.
- Ranulas are characteristically large (>2 cm) and appear as a tense fluctuant dome-shaped vesicle, sometimes with a blue hue.
- The most common site is the lateral floor of the oral cavity.
- Plunging ranula occurs when the fluid pressure of the mucin dissects through a perforation in the mylohyoid muscle in the submandibular space.
- The foremost etiology of ranulas is partial obstruction of a sublingual duct.
- The diagnosis of a ranula is usually determined by a combination of history, clinical presentation, histopathological presentation, and imaging studies
- The therapeutic options for ranulas are aimed at either surgical excision of the lesion