He was not able to open his mouth and, on examination, he is found to have multiple fractures and obstruction in nasopharynx as well as oropharynx.
In order to maintain a patent airway, the following procedure was done for him. Which of the following options define the procedure correctly?
Submental endotracheal intubation
Answer: C. Cricothyroidotomy
Given image – Cricothyroidotomy.
* Life-saving procedure performed in extreme circumstances intended to be a temporizing measure until a definitive airway can be established.
* Patient’s neck is extended and the area between the prominence of the thyroid cartilage and the cricoid cartilage below is palpated with the index, finger of the freehand.
* In an emergency situation, a vertical skin incision is recommended with dissection rapidly carried down to the cricothyroid membrane.
* A 1-cm transverse incision is made through the membrane immediately above the cricoid cartilage and the scalpel twisted through a right angle to gain access to the airway.