Polycystic kidney disease
Answer: B Diabetes mellitus
Microaneurysms in the retinal vessels are seen in individuals with diabetes mellitus.
Several other changes also can occur in diabetes, including hemorrhages, arteriolar hyalinization, cotton-wool spots, neovascularization, and fibroplasia.
This patient’s renal failure and cardiovascular disease are typical of diabetes mellitus. All other conditions listed also can cause renal failure, but retinal microaneurysms are not seen.