A 50-year-old woman tests positive for hepatitis A antibody. The serum AST level is 275 U/L, and ALT is 310 U/L. One month later, these enzyme levels have returned to normal. Which phase of the cell cycle best describes the hepatocytes 1 month after infection?
Answer : A G0 phase
Hepatocytes are quiescent (stable) cells that can reenter the cell cycle and proliferate in response to hepatic injury, enabling the liver to regenerate partially. Acute hepatitis results in hepatocyte necrosis, marked by elevations in AST and ALT. After the acute process has ended, cells return to the G0 phase, and the liver becomes quiescent again.