Tag: Injuries: Medicolegal Aspects

Injuries: Medicolegal Aspects

Injuries: Medicolegal Aspects

Q. 1

 Grievous hurt comes under which section of IPC?

 A Section 319
 B

Section 320

 C Section 324
 D

Section 326

Q. 1

 Grievous hurt comes under which section of IPC?

 A Section 319
 B

Section 320

 C Section 324
 D

Section 326

Ans. B

Explanation:

Section 320

REF: Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology by Nagesh Kumar Rao Page 259

Section 320: Grievous hurt

The following kinds of hurt only are designated as “grievous”

  1. Emasculation
  2. Permanent privation of the sight of either eye
  3. Permanent privation of the hearing of either ear
  4. Privation of any member or joint
  5. Destruction or permanent impairing of the powers of any member or joint
  6. Permanent disfiguration of the head or face
  7. Fracture or dislocation of a bone or tooth
  8. Any hurt which endangers life or which causes the sufferer to be during the space of twenty days in severe bodily pain, or unable to follow his ordinary pursuits.

Q. 2

A youngster had a fight with a man where he assaulted him. He can be arrested under IPC:

 A

IPC 44

 B

IPC 351

 C

IPC 319

 D

IPC 320

Q. 2

A youngster had a fight with a man where he assaulted him. He can be arrested under IPC:

 A

IPC 44

 B

IPC 351

 C

IPC 319

 D

IPC 320

Ans. B

Explanation:

S. 351, I.P.C.: An assault is an offer or threat or attempt to apply force to body of another in a hostile manner. It may be a common assault or with an intent to murder. S.352 to 358 I.P.C. deal with punishments for various types of assaults.

S. 44, I.P.C. — Injury: Any harm whatever illegally caused to any person in body, mind, reputation or property.
 
S. 319, I.P.C. — Hurt: Hurt means bodily pain, disease or infirmity caused to any person.
 
S. 320, I.P.C. — Grievous injury
 
Ref: The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology by K S Reddy, 27th edition, Page 258.

Q. 3

Which of the following section of IPC are concerned with dowry death?

 A

300

 B

302

 C

304

 D

304-B

Q. 3

Which of the following section of IPC are concerned with dowry death?

 A

300

 B

302

 C

304

 D

304-B

Ans. D

Explanation:

D i.e. 304 B

Quiz In Between


Q. 4

Injury that comes under sec 320 IPC

 A

Abrasion over face

 B

Nasal bone fracture

 C

Epistaxis

 D

Lacerated wound over scalp

Q. 4

Injury that comes under sec 320 IPC

 A

Abrasion over face

 B

Nasal bone fracture

 C

Epistaxis

 D

Lacerated wound over scalp

Ans. B

Explanation:

B i.e. Nasal bone fracture


Q. 5

Punishment under 304-A IPC:     

NEET 15

 A

1 year

 B

2 years

 C

3 years

 D

4 years

Q. 5

Punishment under 304-A IPC:     

NEET 15

 A

1 year

 B

2 years

 C

3 years

 D

4 years

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. 2 years


Q. 6

All sections of IPC are related to grievous hurt, except              

NEET 14

 A

Sec. 320

 B

Sec. 331

 C

Sec. 326

 D

Sec. 319

Q. 6

All sections of IPC are related to grievous hurt, except              

NEET 14

 A

Sec. 320

 B

Sec. 331

 C

Sec. 326

 D

Sec. 319

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. Sec. 319

319. Hurt.—Whoever causes bodily pain, disease or infirmity to any person is said to cause hurt.


Quiz In Between


Q. 7

Which IPC includes vitriolage ‑

 A

318

 B

319

 C

320

 D

321

Q. 7

Which IPC includes vitriolage ‑

 A

318

 B

319

 C

320

 D

321

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘c’ i.e., 320

Vitriolage is a potential cause of permanent disfigurement of face and thus is covered under grevious hurt and so comes under IPC 320.

Vitriolage’ is throwing of any corrosive on another person. Eyes are affected most commonly. It comes under sector 320 IPS.


Q. 8

IPC 319 deals with

 A

Definition of hurt

 B

Voluntarily causing hurt

 C

Definition of grievous hurt

 D

Voluntarily causing grievous hurt

Q. 8

IPC 319 deals with

 A

Definition of hurt

 B

Voluntarily causing hurt

 C

Definition of grievous hurt

 D

Voluntarily causing grievous hurt

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘a’ i.e., Definition of hurt


Q. 9

IPC 321 deals with 0

 A

Definition of hurt

 B

Voluntarily causing hurt

 C

Definition of grievous hurt

 D

Voluntarily causing grievous hurt

Q. 9

IPC 321 deals with 0

 A

Definition of hurt

 B

Voluntarily causing hurt

 C

Definition of grievous hurt

 D

Voluntarily causing grievous hurt

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘b’ i.e., Voluntarily causing hurt

Quiz In Between



Injuries: Medicolegal Aspects

Injuries: Medicolegal Aspects


INTRODUCTION

Medical practitioners very frequently need to examine, treat victims and issue medicolegal reports in pursuit of their profession dealing with wounded persons.

It is the duty of the attending doctor to record all  injuries, their dimensions as much as possible, and  the body parts where the injuries are located; the  nature of injury, whether simple or grievous; whether caused by sharp/blunt object; age or duration of  injury and vital parameters like blood pressure, pulse  respiration along with the mental status of the patient.

the words injury, assault and hurt are invariably  used by doctors in hospital practice and are used as  synonyms. But all three have a different meaning as per law. It is defined by the Indian Penal Code as below:

Injury: Section 44 of IPC defines injury as any  harm whatever illegally caused to any person in body, mind, reputation or property.

Assault:Section 351 of IPC defines assault as an  offer or threat or attempt to apply force on body of  another in a hostile manner. It may be a common/simple assault or an intention to murder.

 Hurt: Section 319 of IPC defines hurt as whoever causes bodily pain, disease or infirmity to any person is said to cause hurt.

  • The doctor who is certifying an injury report should keep in mind the Penal provisions (as below) required by police to book the case.
  • Â Simple injury: IPC Section 323.
  • Â Simple injury caused by dangerous weapons: IPC Section 324.
  • Â Grievous injury: IPC Section 325.
  • Â Grievous injury caused by dangerous weapons: IPC Section 326.
  • Â Dangerous injury: IPC Section 307.
  • Â Injury likely to cause death: IPC Section 304.
  • Â Injury sufficient to cause death: IPC Section 302.
  • Â Causing hurt by means of poison: IPC Section 328.

Sec 302 IPC Punishment for murder (upto death sentence/life imprisonment with fine)

Sec 304 IPC Punishment for culpible homicide not amounting murder.

Sec 304-A IPC: Causing death by negligence (Sec 304-8 IPC is related to dowry death)

sec 319. Hurt: Whoever causes bodily pain, disease or infirmity to any person is said to cause hurt.

Section 320 of The Indian Penal Code – Grievous hurt, it has 8 categories.

First, Emasculation.

Secondly, Permanent privation of the sight of either eye.

Thirdly, Permanent privation of the hearing of either ear.

Fourthly, Privation of any member or joint.

Fifthly, Destruction or permanent impairing of the powers of any member or joint.

Sixthly, Permanent disfiguration of the head or face.

Seventhly, Fracture or dislocation of a bone or tooth.

Section 321 of The Indian Penal Code – Voluntarily causing hurt.

Section 322 of The Indian Penal Code – Voluntarily causing grievous hurt.

Section 323 of The Indian Penal Code – Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt.

Exam Important

  • The doctor who is certifying an injury report should keep in mind the Penal provisions (as below) required by police to book the case.
  • Â Simple injury: IPC Section 323.
  • Â Simple injury caused by dangerous weapons: IPC Section 324.
  • Â Grievous injury: IPC Section 325.
  • Â Grievous injury caused by dangerous weapons: IPC Section 326.
  • Â Dangerous injury: IPC Section 307.
  • Â Injury likely to cause death: IPC Section 304.
  • Â Injury sufficient to cause death: IPC Section 302.
  • Â Causing hurt by means of poison: IPC Section 328.

Sec 302 IPC Punishment for murder (upto death sentence/life imprisonment with fine)

Sec 304 IPC Punishment for culpible homicide not amounting murder.

Sec 304-A IPC: Causing death by negligence (Sec 304-8 IPC is related to dowry death)

sec 319. Hurt: Whoever causes bodily pain, disease or infirmity to any person is said to cause hurt.

Section 320 of The Indian Penal Code – Grievous hurt, it has 8 categories.

 

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