Tag: Mental Retardation

Mental Retardation

MENTAL RETARDATION

Q. 1

X-linked disease leading to mental retardation is :

 A

Myotonic dystrophy

 B

Fragile-X syndrome

 C

Tuberous sclerosis

 D

Phenylketonuria

Q. 1

X-linked disease leading to mental retardation is :

 A

Myotonic dystrophy

 B

Fragile-X syndrome

 C

Tuberous sclerosis

 D

Phenylketonuria

Ans. B

Explanation:

B i.e. Fragile – x – Syndrome


Q. 2

Which is MC genetic cause of mental retardation –

 A

Tuberous sclerosis

 B

Cri-du-chat syndrome

 C

Fragile-x-syndrome

 D

Angel’s syndrome

Q. 2

Which is MC genetic cause of mental retardation –

 A

Tuberous sclerosis

 B

Cri-du-chat syndrome

 C

Fragile-x-syndrome

 D

Angel’s syndrome

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘c’ i.e., Fragile-X-syndrome

o Down’s syndrome is the most common genetic cause of mental retardation, and fragile-X is second to Down’s.

Also know

o Most common inherited cause of mental retardation is fragile-X-syndrome (because down’s syndrome is congenital cause but not inherited).


Q. 3

An IQ between 50 & 70 would be classified as what kind mental retardation –

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Borderline

Q. 3

An IQ between 50 & 70 would be classified as what kind mental retardation –

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Borderline

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘a’ i.e., Mild 

Quiz In Between


Q. 4

IQ in moderate mental retardation –

 A

90-70

 B

70-50

 C

50-35

 D

35-20

Q. 4

IQ in moderate mental retardation –

 A

90-70

 B

70-50

 C

50-35

 D

35-20

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘C’ i.e., 50-35 


Q. 5

Most common type of mental retardation –

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Profound

Q. 5

Most common type of mental retardation –

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Profound

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘a’ i.e., Mild 


Q. 6

Mental retardation is defined if IQ is below ‑

 A

90

 B

80

 C

70

 D

60

Q. 6

Mental retardation is defined if IQ is below ‑

 A

90

 B

80

 C

70

 D

60

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. is `c’ i.e., 70 

o A child with IQ . 70  is called mentally retarded.

Quiz In Between


Q. 7

IQ – 40 level of mental retardation:        

NEET 13

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Profound

Q. 7

IQ – 40 level of mental retardation:        

NEET 13

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Profound

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. Moderate


Q. 8

Severe mental retardation is:        

NEET 13

 A

50-70

 B

35-50

 C

20-35

 D

< 20

Q. 8

Severe mental retardation is:        

NEET 13

 A

50-70

 B

35-50

 C

20-35

 D

< 20

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. 20-35


Q. 9

IQ in mild mental retardation is

 A

50-70

 B

35-49

 C

20-34

 D

< 20

Q. 9

IQ in mild mental retardation is

 A

50-70

 B

35-49

 C

20-34

 D

< 20

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘a’ i.e., 50-70

Quiz In Between


Q. 10

Most common type of mental retardation ‑

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Profound

Q. 10

Most common type of mental retardation ‑

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Profound

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘a’ i.e., Mild


Q. 11

IQ of 15 is which grade of mental retardation ‑

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Borderline

 D

Profound

Q. 11

IQ of 15 is which grade of mental retardation ‑

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Borderline

 D

Profound

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. is.’d’  i.e., Profound

   Category                                        IQ

Normal intelligence > 90
Borderline intelligence 70 – 89

Mental retardation

Mild MR

Moderate MR

Severe MR

Profound MR

50 – 69

35 – 49

20-34

0-19


Q. 12

Education criteria for mental retardation is ‑

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Profound

Q. 12

Education criteria for mental retardation is ‑

 A

Mild

 B

Moderate

 C

Severe

 D

Profound

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘a’ i.e., Mild 

Quiz In Between



Mental Retardation

MENTAL RETARDATION


MENTAL RETARDATION

Introduction:

  • Condition characterized by incomplete development of intellectual functions & adaptive skills (skills for successful Iife).
  • Intelligence is measured by Intelligence Quotient (IQ).

Calculation method:

  • IQ = Mental age/Chronological age x 100 
    • Maximum denominator – 15 (even for elderly assessment).
  • IQ less than 70 – Considered as “mental retardation”.

Category & their IQ:

  • Normal – 90-109
  • Borderline – 70-89
  • Mild mental retardation – 50-69
  • Moderate mental retardation – 35-49
  • Severe mental retardation – 20-34
  • Profound mental retardation – <20.
  • Level of functioning varies with severity of mental retardation.

Causes: 

  • Down syndrome & fragile-X syndrome – Most common chromosomal cause.

Features:

  • Behavioral problems in mental retardation – Have maladaptive behavior (aggression, self injurious behaviors, hyperactivity, etc).

Management:

  • Modified by behavioral therapy techniques – Contingency management.
    • Desired behaviors rewarded & undesired behaviors punished.

Exam Important

  • Calculation for IQ = Mental age/Chronological age x 100.
  • IQ less than 70 is considered as “mental retardation”.
  • Down syndrome & fragile-X syndrome are the most common chromosomal cause of mental retardation.
  • Behavioral problems in mental retardation are managed by behavioral therapy techniques like contingency management.
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