Autism-Signs, Symptoms & Management


Autism-Signs, Symptoms & Management


Autistic signs & symptoms:

Interacting with others-

  • Little interest in interacting with other people or children of same age group (Lack of social reciprocity)
  • Preferring to play alone
  • Lack social smile.
  • Avoiding eye contact
  • Being unusually intolerant of people entering their own personal space
  • Rarely using gestures or facial expressions when communicating.

Responding to others-

  • Rejecting cuddles initiated by a parent or caregiver
  • Reacting unusually negatively
  • Not responding to their name being called.

Spoken language-

  • Delayed speech development, or not speaking at all
  • Frequent repetition of set words and phrases
  • Preferring to communicate using single words
  • Significant delay in language milestones.
  • Speech that sounds very monotonous.

Behavioral changes-

  • Repetitive movements – Stereotyped behaviors (hand wringing, spinning & banging).
  • Have a familiar routine – On disturbance exhibit excessive reaction.
  • Strong like or dislike of certain foods with unusual sensory interests.

Management:

  • No “cure” for ASD – Mainly supportive management usually early intervention needed.
  • Speech & language therapy
  • Cognitive behavior therapy.
  • Joint attention therapy.
  • Behavioral management therapy.
  • Nutritional therapy.
  • Educational and school-based therapies.
  • Occupational therapy.

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