Laws of poisoning

Laws of poisoning


The  laws  related  to  poisoning  are  :

(A) The drugs  and  cosmetic  act  1940:

  • The main aim  is  to  control  quality,  purity  and strength  of drugs. 
  • The act  has  been further  amended  by  drugs (Amendment) act  1964to  include  ayurvedic  and  unani  drugs.
  • The  label  or container of medicine  should  display  the  formula  or a list  of ingredients  contained  in  the  drug.

(B) The drug  and  cosmetic  rules  1945  :

  • It was formed  to  regulated  drugs,  the  functions  and procedures  of central drug  laboratory,  appointment  of licensing  authorities  and  manufacture, distribution  and  sale  of drugs.
  • These  rules  have classified  drugs  into  schedules  as follows:

Schedule

Drugs

Schedule C

Biological and special products

Schedule E

Poisons

Schedule F

Vaccine and sera

Schedule G

Hormone preparations, Anti histamines, Anti-cancer

Schedule H

Drugs and poisons to be sold only by prescription of a Registered medical practitioner

Schedule J

List of diseases for the cure and prevention of which, no drug should be advertised (cataract,

epilepsy, hydrocele, blindness etc)

Schedule I

Antibiotics and other recent chemotherapeutic agents

(C) Narcotic drugs  and psychotropic  substances  (NDPS)

  • It  was amended  in  1989  and 2001. It  repeals  three  acts (i)  The  opium  act  1857,  (ii)  The opium  act  1878, (iii) The dangerous drug  act  1930.
  • An amendment  has  diluted  and  made the  punishment  less  severarr2)  for  drug  offenders.
  • It  provides  identification,  treatment  and rehabilitation  of  drug addicts
  • Important  drugs/substances under  Narcotic  Drugs  and Psychotropic  Substances  (NDPS)  Act +  1985, Natcotics: Coca  leaf  (Cocaine), cannabis,  opium,  (including heroin), poppy  straw.

ii) Psychotropic  substances;  LSD, amphetamines, tranquilisers,  barbilurates,  benzodiazepines, methaqualone, psilocybine,  phencyclidine,  mescaline  etc.

Prevention  of  illicit  trffic  in  narcotic  drugs  and  psychotropic  substances  act  1988

Exam Important

  •  schedule H is for Drugs and poisons to be sold only by prescription of a Registered medical practitioner.
  • (NDPS) It  was amended  in  1989  and 2001. It  repeals  three  acts (i)  The  opium  act  1857,  (ii)  The opium  act  1878, (iii) The dangerous drug  act  1930.
  • An amendment  has  diluted  and  made the  punishment  less  severarr2)  for  drug  offenders.
  • It  provides  identification,  treatment  and rehabilitation  of  drug addicts
  • Important  drugs/substances under  Narcotic  Drugs  and Psychotropic  Substances  (NDPS)  Act +  1985, Natcotics: Coca  leaf  (Cocaine), cannabis,  opium,  (including heroin), poppy  straw.

 

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