Bowel obstruction with secondary perforation
Peptic Ulcer Disease
All of the above
Ans:D.)All of the above.
The football sign is seen in cases of massive pneumoperitoneum, where the abdominal cavity is outlined by gas from a perforated viscus.
FOOT BALL SIGN
It is most frequently seen in children with advanced necrotising enterocolitis. Other causes include:
bowel obstruction with secondary perforation
- malrotation with midgut volvulus
- Hirschsprung disease
- meconium ileus
- intestinal atresia
peptic ulcer disease
- endoscopic perforation.
SIGNS OF PNEUMOPERITONEUM