Identify the condition shown in the image?
- The image shows degenerative changes in Pathological/degenerative myopia.
- Pathological/Degenerative/Progressive myopia usually leads to degenerative changes in the retina along with a high degree of refractive error.
Some of the most typical features of degenerative myopia are:
- Refractive error may increase up to 20-25D with degenerative changes in the eye.
- Temporal myopic crescent is a feature of pathological/degenerative myopia.
- It is a white crescent at the temporal border of the disc.
- Vitreous liquefaction and posterior vitreous detachment
- Peripapillary atrophy appearing as temporal choroidal or scleral crescents or rings around the optic disc
- Lattice degeneration in the peripheral retina
- Tilting or malinsertion of the optic disc, usually associated with myopic conus
- Thinning of the retinal pigment epithelium with resulting atrophic appearance of the fundus
- Ectasia of the sclera posteriorly (posterior staphyloma)
- Breaks in Bruch’s membrane and choriocapillaris, resulting in lines across the fundus called “lacquer cracks”
- Foster Fuch’s spot in the macular area.