PGI Exam

Endocytosis & Exocytosis

Endocytosis & Exocytosis 1. Endocytosis Cell takes contents in (i.e.., from ECF to cytoplasm). Steps: On contact with large molecule, cell membrane invaginates forming vesicle, including macromolecule. Vesicle is pinched within cell & restoring cell membrane. Requires energy, Ca++ & contractile elements in cell. 2. Exocytosis/endocytosis/reverse pinocytosis: Reverse of endocytosis. Process of extrusion of secretory …

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Drugs to prevent Pregnancy Induced hypertension

 Drugs to prevent Pregnancy Induced hypertension Best- Aspirin (↓ Thromboxane A2) Dose of Asprin-50-150 mg/day @ 12-28 weeks (if pt. develops PIH then continue throughout pregnancy Heparin & Aspirin Ca2+ supplementation if it is ↓ Regular exercise → Following has No role in preventing PIH: – Bed Rest Diet Salt restriction Supplementation of Fish …

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Confirmed causes of recurrent abortion

Confirmed causes of recurrent abortion • Recurrent abortion: RPL- (recurrent pregnancy loss): – It is defined as a sequence of three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions before 20 weeks. American society for reproductive medicine (2013) defines RPL as 2 or more failed pregnancies confirmed by USG or histologically. • Uterine causes account for 10-50 %. …

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