Tag: prognosis

OCD-Management & prognosis


OCD-Management & prognosis


Management:

Pharmacotherapy:

  • First Line – SSRIs and Clomipramine [adverse side effect profile]
  • If first line fails then antipsychotics [Haloperidol, quetiapine, risperidone, olanzapine]
  • Other Drugs [Venlafaxine, Lithium, valproate and carbamazepine]

Psychotherapy:

  • Cognitive Behavior therapy [Exposure & Response prevention]
  • Desensitization, thought stopping, flooding and aversive conditioning

Other T/T modalities – ECT, Psychosurgery [Cingulotomy, capsulotomy – Caudate tractotomy]

Prognosis:

Acute Onset – 50%. 20-30% Significant improvement, 40-50% moderate, rest may so deterioration

Schizophrenia-Prognosis


Schizophrenia-Prognosis


The prognostic factors of schizophrenia are:

Good Prognostic factors:

  • Acute / Abrupt Onset
  • Late Onset [Age > 35 Yrs.]
  • Catatonic & Paranoid
  • Female Sex
  • Prominent Positive Symptoms
  • Affective Symptoms [Depression]
  • Family History of Mood Disorder

Poor prognostic factors:

  • Insidious Onset
  • Early Onset [Age > 20 Yrs.]
  • Simple, Disorganized, Undifferentiated
  • Male Sex
  • Prominent Negative Symptoms
  • Absence of Affective Symptoms
  • Family History of Schizophrenia
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