A. Molten metal.
B. Electric burns.
C. High temperature liquids.
D. Lightening stroke.
Ans:C. High temperature liquids
The injury shown in the photograph above represents scalds.
- It is a form of thermal burn resulted from heated fluids such as boiling water or steam.
- Most scalds are considered first or second degree burns, but third degree burns can result, especially with prolonged contact.
- Scalds are typically far more severe when caused by steam, because it has absorbed a great amount of latent heat, and is therefore far more effective at heating objects.
- Scalds are generally more common in children, especially from the accidental spilling of hot liquids.
First, the site of the injury should be removed from the source of heat, to prevent further scalding. If the burn is at least second degree, remove any jewelry or clothing from the site, unless it is already stuck to the skin. Cool the scald for about 20 minutes with cool or lukewarm water, such as water from a tap.
With second-degree burns, blisters will form, but should never be popped, as it only increases chances of infection. With third-degree burns, it is best to wrap the injury very loosely to keep it clean, and seek expert medical attention.
- Treatments to avoid
Ice should be avoided, as it can do further damage to area around the injury,as should butter, toothpaste, and specialized creams.