A. Patterend abrasion.
B. Ectopic abrasion.
C. Ectopic bruise.
D. Friction abrasion.
Ans:C. Ectopic Bruise.
The condition shown in the picture above represents black eye.
Black eye (periorbital hematoma)is bruising around the eye , caused by bleeding beneath the skin , around the eye.
- Is an effusion of blood into tissues due to rupture of subcutaneous vessel.
- It is a superficial injury.
- Migratory or Ectopic or Percolated contusions: injury at one site, contusion at a remote site due to gravitation of blood
Fracture of floor of anterior cranial fossa – bruising around eye (black eye or spectacle hematoma)
Fracture of floor of middle cranial fossa – bruising over mastoid (battle’s sign)
Fracture of jaw – bruising in the neck
Fracture of pelvis – bruising over thighFra
cture femur – bruise in lower thigh or above knee
Calf injury -bruise in ankle.