A. Ascending pyelogram.
C. Intravenous urogram.
D. Micturition cystourethrogram.
The condition shown in the picture above represents vesico-ureteric reflux.
The diagnosis of vesico ureteric reflux is made using micturition cystourethrogram. Other techniques used in diagnosing vesico ureteric reflux are simple or delayed cystography or voiding cinefluoroscopy.
In a case of vesico ureteral reflux, cystogram may show one of the following findings:
Persistently dilated lower ureter, areas of dilatation in the ureter, ureter visualized throughout its entire length shows, presence of hydroureteronephrosis with a narrow juxtavesical ureteral segment or changes of healed pyelonephritis.