A. Very premature infants.
B. Normal infants.
C. Postterm infants.
D. None of the above.
This premature infant as shown in the picture above demonstrates translucent, paperthin skin with a prominent venous pattern.
- Very premature infants (24 to 28 weeks) have nearly translucent, paperthin skin that is easily abraded.
- One of the most striking differences among newborns of various gestational ages is the quality of the skin.
- The chemical nature of skin changes during intrauterine development, with a gradual decrease in water content and a thickening of the keratin layer.
- A diffuse red hue and a prominent venous pattern are characteristic. At term, the skin no longer appears thin, and the general color is a pale pink.
- Some superficial peeling and cracking around the ankles and wrists may be visible.
- Postterm infants (42 to 44 weeks) often have more diffuse peeling and cracking of the skin because the outermost layers are sloughed.