D. A or B
Ans:D. A or B.)30:2 or 15:1
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a child is performed in the image.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
The major Highlight of the 2010 AHA Guidelines for CPR is the Change from “A-B-C” to “C-A-B”. The newest development in the 2010 AHA Guidelines for CPR and ECC is a change in the basic life support (BLS) sequence of steps from “A-B-C” (Airway, Breathing, Chest compressions) to “C-A-B” (Chest compressions, Airway, Breathing) for adults and paediatric patients (children and infants, excluding new-borns). However the A-B-C (Airway – Breathing –Compression) sequence is still retained for neonates since cardiac arrests in neonates are nearly always from asphyxia.
|CPR||Adult and Older Children(puberty and Older)||Child (1 year to Puberty)||Infant(Less than 1 year old)|
|Open the Airway||Head tilt-chin lift(SuspectedTrauma:Jaw thrust)||Head tilt-chin lift(SuspectedTrauma:Jaw thrust)||Head tilt-chin lift(SuspectedTrauma:Jaw thrust)|
|Check BreathingIf the victimis not breathing,give 2 breathes that make the chest rise||Take atleast 5 seconds and no more than 10 seconds.||Take atleast 5 seconds and no more than 10 seconds.||Take atleast 5 seconds and no more than 10 seconds.|
|First 2 breaths||Give 2 breaths(1 second each)||Give 2 breaths(1 second each)||Give 2 breaths(1 second each)|
|Check PulseAt least 5 seconds and no more than 10 seconds||Carotid pulse(if no pulse,start CPR)||Carotid pulse(if nopulse or pulse is less than 60 bpm with signs of poor perfusion,start CPR)||Brachial Pulse(if no pulse or pulse is less than 60 bpm with signs of poor perfusion,start CPR)|
|Compression Location||Centre of sternum between nipples||Centre of sternum between nipples||Just below nipple line on Sternum|
|Compresssion method:push hard & fast andallow complete recoil||Hands interlaced||Heel of one hand||Two-Three fingers or twothumbs encircling hands|
|Compression Depth||2 inches||1/3 to 1/2 depth of chest||1/3 to 1/2 depth of chest|
|Compression Rate||100 per minute||100 per minute||100 per minute|
|Compression-Ventilation ratio||30:2||30:2 for 1 rescuer CPR(15:2 for 2 rescuer CPR)||30:2 for 1 rescuer CPR(15:2 for 2 rescuer CPR)|
|Foreign body obstruction||Back blows & Chest thursts||Hemlich maneuver||Hemlich maneuver|