Which among the following are complications of the type of placenta insertion shown in the photograph below ?
A. Type I vasa previa.
B. Increased risk of intrauterine growth restriction.
C. Increased risk of growth discordance if in a twin pregnancy.
D. All of the above.
The type of placenta insertion shown in the photograph above represents Velamentous cord insertion. Velamentous cord insertion is an abnormal condition during pregnancy. Normally, the umbilical cord inserts into the middle of the placenta as it develops.The estimated incidence is ~1% in singleton and ~9% in twin pregnancies respectively. It is also more common in placenta previa than in normally located placentas. The prevalence may be slightly higher in stillbirths, particularly from multifetal pregnancies.
- Type I vasa previa.
- Increased risk of intrauterine growth restriction.
- Increased risk of growth discordance if in a twin pregnancy.