A. Marginal separation.
B. Partial separation.
C. Complete separation.
D. None of the above.
Type of abruptio placentae as shown in the photograph above represents marginal separation.
Placental abruption is the separation of the placenta from the uterine lining. This condition usually occurs in the third trimester but can occur any time after the 20th week of pregnancy. Only about 1% of all pregnant women will experience placental abruption.
The signs and symptoms of placental abruption include one or more of the following:
- Vaginal bleeding (although about 20% of cases will have no bleeding)
- Uterine tenderness
- Rapid contractions
- Abdominal pain
- Fetal heart rate abnormalities.