A. Bacillus Anthracis
Ans:A. Bacillus Anthracis.
- First pathogenic bacteria to be seen under microscope
- First demonstration of blood borne transmission
- The first bacterium shown to be the cause of a disease- Koch’s Postulate
- First effective vaccine (Pasteur 1881).
- Gram positive rods
- 3-10 micron by 1-1.6 micron
- Aerobic bacilli forming heat-resistant spores
- Non acid fast, Non-motile
- Capsule (poly d-glutamate-protein) .
- Gram stain:Gram positive bacilli forming chains. The cells have characteristic squared ends. The endospores are ellipsoidal shaped and located centrally in the sporangium. The spores are highly refractile to light and resistant to staining.
- Mac Faydean Reaction:Polychrome Methylene Blue for demonstrating the capsule
- Solid medium : Medusa head colony
Edge of a colony is composed of long,interlacing chains of bacilli resembling ,locks of matted hair
- Polymyxin lysozyme EDTA thallous acetate (PLET agar).
- Gelatin stab culture:Inverted Fir tree Appearance.
- String of pearl appearance of Culture medim with Penicillin
- Anthrax Toxin – Complex of proteins ( all the components thermolabile)
- Edema factor (Factor I)
- Protective factor (Factor II)
- Lethal Factor (Factor III)
- Protein capsule – Poly D Glutamic acid capsule- Inhibits phagocytosis
Killing of Spores:
- DUCKERING: 2% Formaldehyde kills spores at 30-40˚C for 20 mins for disinfection of wool and as 0.25% at 60˚C for 6 hrs for animal hair and bristles