A. Retention cyst of sublingual gland
B. Retention cyst of submandibular gland
C. Extravasation cyst of sublingual glands
D. Extravasation cyst of submandibular glands
Ans:A. Retention cyst of sublingual gland.
- Ranula is a descriptive term used to describe a swelling in the floor of the mouth that resembles a frog’s belly. It is neither an epulis nor a thyroglossal cyst.
- It presents as a transluscent bluish, swelling in the floor of the mouth.
- Seen in the floor of mouth on one side of the frenulum.
- It arises due to obstruction of duct of sublingual salivary gland.
- It is almost always unilateral.
- When the cyst enlarges to present in the neck it is known as plunging or deep ranula.
- Treatment consists of complete excision or marsupialization for large cyst.
- Ranulas are likely to recur if the sublingual gland causing them is not removed with the lesion.