A 34-week female fetus was born as shown below. Identify the congenital
D. Complete craniospinal rachischisis
Answer- D. Complete craniospinal rachischisis
- Developmental birth defect involving the neural tube
- This anomaly occurs in utero, when the posterior neuropore of the neural tube fails to close by the 27th intrauterine day.
- As a consequence the vertebrae overlying the open portion of the spinal cord do not fully form and remainunfused and open, leaving the spinal cord exposed.
- Patients with rachischisis have motor and sensory deficits, chronic infections, and disturbances in bladder function.
- This defect often occurs with anencephaly.