Compartment Syndrome

Compartment Syndrome


  • Indication for surgical compartment release in compartment Syndrome in any compartment is absolute pressure greater than 30 mm Hg
  • Dorsiflexion of foot causes pain in deep posterior compartment syndrome
  • Fasciotomy, Splitting of tight pop cast & Reexploration  are relevant in compartment syndrome
  • Fractures  is the commonest cause of anterior compartment syndrome
  • Foot inversion causes weakness in deep posterior compartment syndrome
  • Pain on passive stretch is reliable sign of  compartment syndrome
  • Fasciotomy is earliest management in  compartment syndrome
  • Interstitial pressure > capillary pressure in  compartment syndrome 
  • Hyperesthesia is seen in compartment syndrome 
  • If A patient develops compartment syndrome (Swelling, pain and numbness) following manipulation & plaster for fracture of both bones of leg the best treatment is  operative decompression of fascial compartment
  • Characteristic features of the acute compartment syndrome in the lower leg includeAcute pain on employing the stretch test, Normal pulses & Venous occlusion
  • In posterior compartment syndrome Toe dorsiflexion can cause pain
  • Intra abdominal pressure > 15 cm H2O in  intra abdominal compartment syndrome
  • Abdominal compartment syndrome is characterized by  Oliguria due to ureter obstruction
  • Most common cause of acute compartment syndrome in children is Fracture supracondylar humerus
  • Hyperbaric oxygen is useful in compartment syndrome 
Exam Question
 
  • Indication for surgical compartment release in compartment Syndrome in any compartment is absolute pressure greater than 30 mm Hg
  • Dorsiflexion of foot causes pain in deep posterior compartment syndrome
  • Fasciotomy, Splitting of tight pop cast & Reexploration  are relevant in compartment syndrome
  • Fractures  is the commonest cause of anterior compartment syndrome
  • Foot inversion causes weakness in deep posterior compartment syndrome
  • Pain on passive stretch is reliable sign of  compartment syndrome
  • Fasciotomy is earliest management in  compartment syndrome
  • Interstitial pressure > capillary pressure in  compartment syndrome 
  • Hyperesthesia is seen in compartment syndrome 
  • If A patient develops compartment syndrome (Swelling, pain and numbness) following manipulation & plaster for fracture of both bones of leg the best treatment is  operative decompression of fascial compartment
  • Characteristic features of the acute compartment syndrome in the lower leg includeAcute pain on employing the stretch test, Normal pulses & Venous occlusion
  • In posterior compartment syndrome Toe dorsiflexion can cause pain
  • Intra abdominal pressure > 15 cm H2O in  intra abdominal compartment syndrome
  • Abdominal compartment syndrome is characterized by  Oliguria due to ureter obstruction
  • Most common cause of acute compartment syndrome in children is Fracture supracondylar humerus
  • Hyperbaric oxygen is useful in compartment syndrome 
Don’t Forget to Solve all the previous Year Question asked on Compartment Syndrome

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