Ectopic Testis

ECTOPIC TESTIS


ECTOPIA TESTIS

  • An ectopic testicle descends normally through the inguinal canal but then moves into an abnormal position in the groin area.
  • The main hazard is liability to injury.
  • Sites of ectopic testis-

a) Superficial inguinal pouch

b) Perineum

c) Root of the penis

d) Femoral triangle (thigh)

  • Ectopic testis is usually fully developed

EMBRYOLOGY-

  • Testis reaches the scrotum by the scrotal tail gubernaculum.
  • The gubernaculums helps to guide the descent of the testicles.
  • Most ectopic testicles are palpable.

TREATMENT-

  • Surgical treatment after age of about 6 months but no later than 2 years
  • Orchidopexy in a new scrotal pouch.
COMPLICATIONS- 
  • Liability to injury (torsion)

Exam Important

  • Sites of ectopic testis-

a) Superficial inguinal pouch

b) Perineum

c) Root of the penis

d) Femoral triangle (thigh)

  • Ectopic testis is usually fully developed
COMPLICATIONS- 
  • Liability to injury (torsion)
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