Integrated child developmental scheme(ICDS)
- ICDS was launched on 2″d October 1975 in 33 Community development block.
- ICDS programme is a globally recognized community based early child care programme, which addresses the basic interrelated needs of yound children, expectant and nursing mothers and adolescent girls across the life cycle, in a holistic manner.
- Sponsored by ministry Ministry of social welfare
- To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years
- To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child
- To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout
- To achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development
- To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education
- Supplementary nutrition
- Health check-up
- Referral services
- Pre-school non-formal education
- Nutrition & health education.
THE ICDS TEAM
- The Anganwadi Workers
- Anganwadi Helpers
- Child Development Project Officers (CDPOs)
- District Programme Officers (DPOs)
- The medical officers
- Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM)
- Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA)
Administrative units for ICDS are as follows:
- Rural area: Community development block
- Tribal area: Tribal development block
- Urban area: Group of slums
Under ICDS Scheme supplementary nutrition is given to:
- Children below 6 yrs
- Nursing mothers
- Expectant mothers
- Each child upto 6 years of age to get 300 calories and 8-10 grams of protein
- Each adolescent girl to get 500 calories and 20-25grams of protein
- Each pregnant women and lactating mother to get 500 calories and 20-25 gms of protein
- Each malnourished child to get 600 calories and 16-20 grams of protein
- Supplementary nutrition is given for 300 days a year.
Kishori Shakti Yojna (KSY)
KSY is rename of ‘Adolescent Girl’s scheme’ under ICDS.
Its aims are –
- To improve the nutritional and health status of adolescent girls
- To promote self development, awareness of health, hyiegene nutrition and family life and child care. o KSY covers 6118 ICDS projects.