Integrated child developmental scheme(ICDS)

Integrated child developmental scheme(ICDS)


 ICDS

INTRODUCTION

  • ICDS was launched on 2″d October 1975 in 33 Community development block.
  • ICDS programme is a globally recognized community based early child care programme, which addresses the basic interrelated needs of yound children, expectant and nursing mothers and adolescent girls across the life cycle, in a holistic manner.
  • Sponsored by ministry  Ministry of social welfare 

OBJECTIVES

  • To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years
  • To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child
  • To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout
  • To achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development
  • To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education

SERVICES

  • Supplementary nutrition
  • Immunization
  • Health check-up
  • Referral services
  • Pre-school non-formal education
  • Nutrition & health education.

THE ICDS TEAM

  • The Anganwadi Workers
  • Anganwadi Helpers
  • Supervisors
  • Child Development Project Officers (CDPOs)
  • District Programme Officers (DPOs)
  • The medical officers
  • Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM)
  • Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA)

Administrative units for ICDS are as follows:

  • Rural area: Community development block
  • Tribal area: Tribal development block
  • Urban area: Group of slums

SUPPLEMENTARY NUTRITION

Under ICDS Scheme supplementary nutrition is given to:

  • Children below 6 yrs
  • Nursing mothers
  • Expectant mothers

Supplement

  • Each child upto 6 years of age to get 300 calories and 8-10 grams of protein
  • Each adolescent girl to get 500 calories and 20-25grams of protein
  • Each pregnant women and lactating mother to get 500 calories and 20-25 gms of protein
  • Each malnourished child to get 600 calories and 16-20 grams of protein
  • Supplementary nutrition is given for 300 days a year.

Kishori Shakti Yojna (KSY)

 KSY is rename of ‘Adolescent Girl’s scheme’ under ICDS.

Its aims are –

  • To improve the nutritional and health status of adolescent girls
  • To promote self development, awareness of health, hyiegene nutrition and family life and child care. o KSY covers 6118 ICDS projects.
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