Professional secrecy and Privileged communication

Professional secrecy and Privileged communication


Introduction

Professional communication between a legal adviser and a client is accorded protection under the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (the Act), the Advocates Act, 1961 (Advocates Act) and the Bar Council of India Rules (BCI Rules).

A) In India, Sections 126 to 129 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 deal with privileged that is attached to professional communication between a legal adviser and the client

B) Section 126 and 128 mention circumstances under which the legal adviser can give evidence of such professional communication

C) Section 127 provides that interpreters, clerks or servants of legal adviser are restrained similarly.

D) Section 129 says when a legal adviser can be compelled to disclose the confidential communication which has taken place between him and his client..

E) Section 126 states that no barrister, attorney, pleader or Vakil shall at any time be permitted to

  • disclose any communication made during the course of or for the purpose of his or her employment as such attorney, by or on behalf of his or her client;
  • state the contents or condition of any document with which he or she has become acquainted in the course of and for the purpose of his or her professional employment; or
  • disclose any advice given by him or her to his or her client in the course and for the purpose of such employment.

→ professional secrecy is  an  implied  ethical  and legal  obligation  (or  contract),  that  the  doctor  will  not  divulge  any thing  he comes  to  know  concerning  patient            during  the  course  of  his  professional  work.  Doctor  is  liable  to  damages  for  its  breech.

exception  to  the  general rule  of professional  secrecy  between  doctor  and patient.  Example  are:-

     1. In  court  of law: When asked  by judge

     2. As compulsor  duty:  Every  doctor  has to  give  details  of  birth,  death  and  communicable  disease.

     3. As a social  duty:  If health  of a  patient  can cause danger  to  society, e.g

  • Railway  engine  driver  being  colour  blind
  • Bus  driver  being  epileptic,  drug  addict  or  hypertensive.
  • Pilot  having  refractive  errors.
  • Hotel waitor  suffering from  TB  or being  typhoid  carrier.
  • Swimming pool user suffering  from  STD  (e.g. syphilis) or infectious  disease.
  • Person suffering  from  STD  or HIV  infection  likely  to  marry.

      4.  Cases  of food  poisoining,  Water  pollution.

      5. In  cases  of suspected  crime

      6. ln self interesf,  both  in  civil  and  criminal  suits by  patient.

      7. In  negligent  suits when doctor  is  employed  by  opposite  party  to  cross-examine  patient  who  filed  the  suit.

      8. In  insurance  reports,  he  can report  any disease  found.  But  he  should  not answer  queries solicitor  without  the  patient  consent.

Exam Important

In India, Sections 126 to 129 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 deal with privileged that is attached to professional communication between a legal adviser and the client

Section 126 and 128 mention circumstances under which the legal adviser can give evidence of such professional communication

Section 127 provides that interpreters, clerks or servants of legal adviser are restrained similarly.

Section 129 says when a legal adviser can be compelled to disclose the confidential communication which has taken place between him and his client..

Section 126 states that no barrister, attorney, pleader or Vakil shall at any time be permitted to

exception  to  the  general rule  of professional  secrecy  between  doctor  and patient.  Example  are:-

     1. In  court  of law: When asked  by judge

     2. As compulsor  duty:  Every  doctor  has to  give  details  of  birth,  death  and  communicable  disease.

     3. As a social  duty:  Ifhealth  ofa  patient  can cause danger  to  society, e.g

  • Railway  engine  driver  being  colour  blind
  • Bus  driver  being  epileptic,  drug  addict  or  hypertensive.
  • Pilot  having  refractive  errors.
  • Hotel waitor  suffering from  TB  or being  typhoid  carrier.
  • Swimming pool user suffering  from  STD  (e.g. syphilis) or infectious  disease.
  • Person suffering  from  STD  or HIV  infection  likely  to  marry.

      4.  Cases  of food  poisoining,  Water  pollution.

      5. In  cases  of suspected  crime

      6. ln self interesf,  both  in  civil  and  criminal  suits by  patient.

Don’t Forget to Solve all the previous Year Question asked on Professional secrecy and Privileged communication

Module Below Start Quiz

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this:
Malcare WordPress Security