Sexual offences: Rape case examination

Sexual offences: Rape case examination


Sexual offences: Rape case examination

A) Examination  of victim

  • Victim cannot be  examined  without  written  informed  consent.
  • written  consent: age of victim  is  above  12  years.
  • parent/guardian written  consent: victim below 12 years.(Sec 90 IPC).
  • should  be  examined  by  or  under  supervision  of a female  RMP  (Sec.  53(2)  CrPC).
  • Disclosure of name of rape victim punishable under Sec. 228-A IPC

 External and local examination:

       a)  Signs of  struggle on clothes (tear,  blood, semen),  mud  etc.).

       b)  Lithotomy position for genital examination.

       c)  Body  and genitals  (abrasion,  contusion,  bites  or nail  marks  etc).

       d)  Presence of the  semen  in  the  vagina( confirmes sexual intercourse).

       e)  Presence  of spermatozoa  in  the  vagina.

       f)  Presence of smegma  bacilli in  vagina  is  suggestive  of coitus.

       g)  Toludine  blue dye 1%  (TBD)  can be  used to  identify  abrasions  not  seen by  the  naked  eye  and sometimes even  with use  of a colposcope.

       h)   Sperms remain motile:

                  a. In vagina for about 6-8 h,

                  b. occasionaly  upto 12 h,

                  c.  rarely upto 12 h.

      i)  non-motile forms are detectable for about 24h, with occasional reports of 48-72h.

      j)  If motile sperms were seen in wet smears on slide:-confirms intercourse within 12 h

B)      Examination  of accused:

                   1)  can  be  examined  even  without his  consent  (Sec  53(A) CrPC).

                   2)  Presence  of torn  frenulum is  consistent  with  a recent  intercourse.

                   3)  The  presence  of  smegma  under  prepuce  is  inconsistent  with  recent  intercourse.

                   4)  Presence of  vaginal  epithelial  cells  on  penis can  be  detected  by  lugol’s  iodine.

     5)  Presence  of smegma  in  vagina  is  suggestive  of  recent sexual  intercourse,  while its  presence  under prepuse rules  out recent  intercourse.

sec 376 laws for intercourse NOT rape.

  • (376 A)→ Intercourse with his own wife living separately under a decree of separation or under any custom without her consent is punished with imprisonment upto 2 years and also fine.
  • (376 B)→ Intercourse  (not  amounting  to  rape)  by public  servant.
  • (376 C)→ superintendent or manager or attendent.
  • (376 D)→ any  member  of  management  of staff  of  hospital 

Exam Important

  • written  consent: age of victim  is  above  12  years.
  • parent/guardian written  consent: victim below 12 years.(Sec 90 IPC)
  • Toludine  blue dye 1%  (TBD)  can be  used to  identify  abrasions  not  seen by  the  naked  eye  and sometimes even  with use  of a colposcope.
  • Sperms remain motile:  rarely upto 12 h. occasionaly  upto 12 h, In vagina for about 6-8 h.
  • non-motile forms are detectable for about 24h, with occasional reports of 48-72h.
  • If motile sperms were seen in wet smears on slide:-confirms intercourse within 12 h
  • Presence  of smegma  in  vagina  is  suggestive  of  recent sexual  intercourse,  while its  presence  under prepuse rules  out recent  intercourse.

 

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