Fingerprint

Fingerprint

Q. 1

Dactylography is a:

 A

Surest sign of identification

 B

Probable sign of identification

 C

Presumptive sign of identification

 D

Doubtful sign of identification

Q. 1

Dactylography is a:

 A

Surest sign of identification

 B

Probable sign of identification

 C

Presumptive sign of identification

 D

Doubtful sign of identification

Ans. A

Explanation:

Dactylography is a study of fingerprints in which impressions of the papillary ridges and and furrows of the fingertips are taken.

Its considered to be the surest sign of identification because the pattern, distribution, arrangement and character of the ridges are absolutely individualistic and are present from birth and remain unaltered throughout life.

 
Types of fingerprints are:
  • Loop- 65%
  • Whorl- 25%
  • Arch- 7%
  • Composite- 2-3%
Ridge pattern develops in 16th week of intrauterine life and maximum development is attained at 18-25 week of intrauterine life.
 
Ref: Forensic Medicine And Toxicology (oral, Practical & Mcq) By R. N. Karmakar page 129

 


Q. 2

The system of Dactylography to identify individuals was first started in:

 A

USA

 B

Poland

 C

India

 D

UK

Q. 2

The system of Dactylography to identify individuals was first started in:

 A

USA

 B

Poland

 C

India

 D

UK

Ans. C

Explanation:

C i.e. India


Q. 3

The fingerprint pattern may be impaired permanently in cases of:

 A

Eczema

 B

Scalds

 C

Scabies

 D

Leprosy

Q. 3

The fingerprint pattern may be impaired permanently in cases of:

 A

Eczema

 B

Scalds

 C

Scabies

 D

Leprosy

Ans. D

Explanation:

D i.e. Leprosy

“The first ever Finger Print Bureau of the world was established at Writer’s Building at Calcutta in the year 1897”. 

Finger print is neither inherited (so paternity can’t be proved) nor identical in any two persons (not even identical twins)Q. It is most sensitive, most specific, most reliable & best method of identification Q.

.For positive identification at least 16 points should be similar. Leprosy permanently alters finger prints.

Quiz In Between


Q. 4

Not seen in fingerprints:  

NEET 13

 A

Loop

 B

Circles

 C

Whorl

 D

Arch

Q. 4

Not seen in fingerprints:  

NEET 13

 A

Loop

 B

Circles

 C

Whorl

 D

Arch

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. Circles


Q. 5

Most common pattern of fingerprint is:

Delhi 07; Gujarat 07; UP 08; Manipal 10

 A

Arches

 B

Loops

 C

Whorls

 D

Composite

Q. 5

Most common pattern of fingerprint is:

Delhi 07; Gujarat 07; UP 08; Manipal 10

 A

Arches

 B

Loops

 C

Whorls

 D

Composite

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. Loops

Quiz In Between


Q. 6

Fingerprint Bureau was first established in:

AI 06, AIIMS 08; NEET 14

 A

England

 B

China

 C

India

 D

Singapore

Q. 6

Fingerprint Bureau was first established in:

AI 06, AIIMS 08; NEET 14

 A

England

 B

China

 C

India

 D

Singapore

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. India


Q. 7

Persons shown in the photograph will not have same ? 

 A

Iris colour.

 B

Blood group.

 C

Hair color

 D

Fingerprints.

Q. 7

Persons shown in the photograph will not have same ? 

 A

Iris colour.

 B

Blood group.

 C

Hair color

 D

Fingerprints.

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans:D.)Finger-prints.

Persons shown in the photograph represents identical twins.

Identical twins will not have same fingerprints.

Twins

  • They are two offspring produced by the same pregnancy.
    • Twins can be either monozygotic (“identical”), meaning that they develop from one zygote, which splits and forms two embryos, or dizygotic (“fraternal”), meaning that they develop from two different eggs. In fraternal twins, each twin is fertilized by its own sperm cell.
  • Dizygotic twins, like any other siblings, have an extremely small chance of having the same chromosome profile.
  • Monozygotic twins are genetically nearly identical(similar DNA) and they are always the same sex.
    • Things like your eye and hair color are controlled by your DNA.
    • They have same blood group.
    • Some identical twins can have different heights and weights. This is because height and weight are controlled by what you eat as well your DNA.
    • Another physical difference between identical twins is their fingerprints. This is because environmental differences like how the hand of the fetus touches the amniotic sac also affects fingerprints.


Quiz In Between



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