Hanging: Postmortem findings,Strangulation,Medico-legal aspects of hanging.

Hanging: Postmortem findings,Strangulation,Medico-legal aspects of hanging

Q. 1

‘La facies sympathique’ is a condition seen in cases of:

NEET 13; COMEDK 13

 A

Hanging

 B

Strangulation

 C

Throttling

 D

Railway accidents

Q. 1

‘La facies sympathique’ is a condition seen in cases of:

NEET 13; COMEDK 13

 A

Hanging

 B

Strangulation

 C

Throttling

 D

Railway accidents

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. Hanging


Q. 2

Following is most suggestive of antemortem hanging:

DNB 09

 A

Salivary dribbling

 B

Congestion of lungs

 C

Ligature marks

 D

Petechial hemorrhages

Q. 2

Following is most suggestive of antemortem hanging:

DNB 09

 A

Salivary dribbling

 B

Congestion of lungs

 C

Ligature marks

 D

Petechial hemorrhages

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. Salivary dribbling


Q. 3

Hanging causes injury to:

JIPMER 14

 A

Carotid artery

 B

Esophagus

 C

Trachea

 D

Vertebral artery

Q. 3

Hanging causes injury to:

JIPMER 14

 A

Carotid artery

 B

Esophagus

 C

Trachea

 D

Vertebral artery

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. Carotid artery

Quiz In Between


Q. 4

Lynching is a type of:      

AFMC 11; FMGE 13

 A

Homicidal hanging

 B

Suicidal hanging

 C

Judicial hanging

 D

Accidental hanging

Q. 4

Lynching is a type of:      

AFMC 11; FMGE 13

 A

Homicidal hanging

 B

Suicidal hanging

 C

Judicial hanging

 D

Accidental hanging

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. Homicidal hanging


Q. 5

Outward displacement of fractured hyoid bone is seen in:        

UP 10

 A

Manual strangulation

 B

Ligature strangulation

 C

Hanging

 D

Bansdola

Q. 5

Outward displacement of fractured hyoid bone is seen in:        

UP 10

 A

Manual strangulation

 B

Ligature strangulation

 C

Hanging

 D

Bansdola

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. Hanging


Q. 6

In a case of hanging, ligature mark is an example of:

NEET 13

 A

Contusion

 B

Pressure abrasion

 C

Laceration

 D

Burn

Q. 6

In a case of hanging, ligature mark is an example of:

NEET 13

 A

Contusion

 B

Pressure abrasion

 C

Laceration

 D

Burn

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. Pressure abrasion

Quiz In Between


Q. 7

What is the situation of the knot of ligature in cases of typical hanging‑

 A

In front of chin

 B

Angle of mandible

 C

Occiput

 D

Mastoid

Q. 7

What is the situation of the knot of ligature in cases of typical hanging‑

 A

In front of chin

 B

Angle of mandible

 C

Occiput

 D

Mastoid

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘c’ i.e., Occiput

Typical hanging : The ligature runs from the midline above the thyroid cartilage, symmetrically upward on both side of neck to the occipital region, the point of suspension (knot of ligature) being on occiput (at nape of neck).

Atypical hanging : Any variation from typical knot site (i.e. other than occiput/nape of neck) is called atypical hanging. Most common site of knot is near one side of mastoid process or angle of mandible.


Q. 8

Judicial Hanging causes

 A

C2-3 fracture dislocation

 B

C4-5 fracture dislocation

 C

C6-7 Fracture dislocation

 D

None of the above

Q. 8

Judicial Hanging causes

 A

C2-3 fracture dislocation

 B

C4-5 fracture dislocation

 C

C6-7 Fracture dislocation

 D

None of the above

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘a’ i.e., C2-3 fracture dislocation

Judicial hanging

In india, legal death sentence is carried out by hanging the criminal. Placement of knot beneath the chin (submental position) is thought to be most effective, ensuring a quicker death. However some prefer side of neck (left sub aural i.e. below angle of jaw) knot.

The preson is allowed to drop for 5-7 meters according to the weight, age and build of the person. Sudden stop causes fracture dislocation usually at level of C2-C3 or C3-C4 vertebra, and injury to spinal cord and brainstem (pons and medulla).


Q. 9

When a person has suspended himself by applying ligature around neck so that the point of suspension (knot) is situated in the region shown in the picture below.Such a hanging is called as ? 

 A

Typical.

 B

Atypical.

 C

Partial.

 D

Incomplete.

Q. 9

When a person has suspended himself by applying ligature around neck so that the point of suspension (knot) is situated in the region shown in the picture below.Such a hanging is called as ? 

 A

Typical.

 B

Atypical.

 C

Partial.

 D

Incomplete.

Ans. A

Explanation:

Hanging is best defined as the constriction of neck by a ligature tightened by the weight of the body. When the point of suspension is over the center of occiput, there is a maximum possibility of occlusion of the arteries and this is known as typical hanging as shown in the picture above., while all other points of suspension are called atypical hanging.

Quiz In Between



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