Mental Health Act

Mental Health Act

Q. 1

Recent mental health act in India is designated as ‑

 A

The mental health act

 B

The mental health care act

 C

The mental health care and rehabilitation act

 D

The mental health treatment and rehabilitation act

Q. 1

Recent mental health act in India is designated as ‑

 A

The mental health act

 B

The mental health care act

 C

The mental health care and rehabilitation act

 D

The mental health treatment and rehabilitation act

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘b’ i.e., The mental health care act

Recognizing that

Persons with mental illness constitute constitue a vulnerable section and are subject to discrimination; Families bear disproportionate financial, physical, mental, emotional and social burden of providing treatment and care: Persons with mental illness should be treated like other persons with health problems. The Mental Health Act, 1987 has not been able to adequately protect the rights of persons with mental illness and promote access to mental health care in the country.

And in order to :

o Protect, promote and fulfill the rights of persons with mental illness during the delivery of health care in institutions and in the community; Ensure health care, treatment and rehabilitation to persons with mental illness is provided in the least restrictive environment possible and in a manner that dose not intrudes on their rights and dignity. Community based solutions in the vicinity of the person’s usual place of residence, are preferred to institutional solutions; Provide treatment, care and rehabilitation to improve the capacity of the person to develop his or her full potential and to facilitate his or her integration into community life; Fullfill obligations under the Constitution of India and obligations under various International Conventions ratified by India, Regulate the public and private mental health sectors within a rights framework to achieve the greatest public health good: Improve accessibility to mental health care by mandating sufficient provision of quality public mental health services and non-discrimination in health insurance; Establish a mental health care system integrated into all levels of general health care; Promote principles of equity, efficiency and active participation of all stakeholders in decision making;

o This act may be called the Mental I I ealth Care Act, 2011.


Q. 2

Mental Health Act was passed in ‑

 A

1982

 B

1987

 C

1971

 D

1950

Q. 2

Mental Health Act was passed in ‑

 A

1982

 B

1987

 C

1971

 D

1950

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘b’ i.e., 1987


Q. 3

Which of the following is not an objective of Mental Health Act, 1987?

 A

Promote community participation

 B

Application of mental health knowledge in general health care

 C

Minimal mental health care for all

 D

Human rights for mentally ill

Q. 3

Which of the following is not an objective of Mental Health Act, 1987?

 A

Promote community participation

 B

Application of mental health knowledge in general health care

 C

Minimal mental health care for all

 D

Human rights for mentally ill

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. d. Human rights for mentally ill

  • The National Mental Health Programme was launched during 1982 with a view to ensure availability of Mental Health Care Services for all, especially the community at risk and underprivileged section of the population, to encourage applic application of mental health knowledge in general health care and social development.
  • National Mental Health Programme (NMHP)
  • The National Mental Health Programme was launched during 1982 with a view to ensure availability of Mental Health Care Services for all, especially the community at risk and underprivileged section of the population, to encourage application of mental health knowledge in general health care and social development().

Aims:

  • Prevention and treatment of mental and neurological disorders and their associated disabilities
  • Use of mental health technology to improve general health services
  • Application of mental health principles(‘ in total national development to improve quality of life.

Objectives:

  • To ensure availability and accessibility of minimum mental health care for all in the foreseeable future, particularly to the most vulnerable and underprivileged sections of populationQ
  • To encourage application of mental health knowledge in general health care and in the social developmen’.
  • To promote community participation in the mental health services development, and to stimulate efforts towa


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