Reproductive and Child health programme,Janani Suraksha Yojana

Reproductive and Child health programme,Janani Suraksha Yojana,IMNCI

Q. 1

Janani Suraksha Yojana, under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) includes which of the objectives?

 A

Tetanus immunization

 B

Institutional deliveries

 C

Iron supplementation

 D

Abortions

Q. 1

Janani Suraksha Yojana, under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) includes which of the objectives?

 A

Tetanus immunization

 B

Institutional deliveries

 C

Iron supplementation

 D

Abortions

Ans. B

Explanation:

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neo-natal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among the poor pregnant women.

The success of the scheme would be determined by the increase in institutional delivery among the poor families.


Q. 2

Which of the following is not an essential component of the Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) Programme in India?

 A

Medical Termination of Pregnancy

 B

Control of reproductive tract infections (RTI) and sexually transmitted diseases (STD)

 C

Reduce the under-5 mortality rate to half

 D

Provide the basic maternity services to all pregnant women

Q. 2

Which of the following is not an essential component of the Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) Programme in India?

 A

Medical Termination of Pregnancy

 B

Control of reproductive tract infections (RTI) and sexually transmitted diseases (STD)

 C

Reduce the under-5 mortality rate to half

 D

Provide the basic maternity services to all pregnant women

Ans. C

Explanation:

Essential components of Reproductive and, Child Health (RCH) Programme include essential and emergency obstetric services, 24-hour delivery services, medical termination of pregnancy, control of reproductive tract infections (RTI) and sexually transmitted diseases (STD), immunization, drug and equipment kits, essential newborn care, oral rehydration therapy, acute respiratory disease control, and prevention and control of vitamin A deficiency and anaemia in children.

Ref: Park’s Textbook Of Preventive And Social Medicine, By K. Park, 19th Edition, Pages 367-372.


Q. 3

‘JSY’ stands for:

 A

Janani Suraksha Yojana

 B

Jeevan Swastha Yojna

 C

Jan Sewa Yojna

 D

Jan Suraksha Yojna

Q. 3

‘JSY’ stands for:

 A

Janani Suraksha Yojana

 B

Jeevan Swastha Yojna

 C

Jan Sewa Yojna

 D

Jan Suraksha Yojna

Ans. A

Explanation:

JSY is an abbreviation for Janani Suraksha Yojana. It is a new initiative by the RCH – phase II (Reproductive and Child Health programme) which began from 1st April, 2005.
The National Maternity Benefit Scheme has been modified into this new scheme called Janani Suraksha Yojana which was launched on 12th April, 2005.
 
Ref: Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 19th Edition, Pages 370-372.

Q. 4

Janani suraksha yojana (JSY) was launched in:

 A

2003

 B

2005

 C

2007

 D

2008

Q. 4

Janani suraksha yojana (JSY) was launched in:

 A

2003

 B

2005

 C

2007

 D

2008

Ans. B

Explanation:

JSY was launched on 12th April, 2005. JSY is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme.
 
Ref: National Health Programmes in India, J.Kishore, 10th edition pg: 114

Q. 5

Under Janani suraksha yojana Scheme, amount of financial incentive to ASHA per institutional delivery in low performing state is:

 A

Rs. 200

 B

Rs. 300

 C

Rs. 500

 D

Rs. 550

Q. 5

Under Janani suraksha yojana Scheme, amount of financial incentive to ASHA per institutional delivery in low performing state is:

 A

Rs. 200

 B

Rs. 300

 C

Rs. 500

 D

Rs. 550

Ans. A

Explanation:

Under the scheme, Rs. 200 per cdelivery is given as an incentive for institutional delivery in low performance states.
 
Ref: National Health Programmes in India, J.Kishore, 10th edition pg: 115

Q. 6

Which of the following is not included in clean delivery practices to prevent neonatal tetanus under Janani Suraksha Yojana?

 A

Clean hands

 B

Clean cord care

 C

Clean perineum

 D

Clean delivery place

Q. 6

Which of the following is not included in clean delivery practices to prevent neonatal tetanus under Janani Suraksha Yojana?

 A

Clean hands

 B

Clean cord care

 C

Clean perineum

 D

Clean delivery place

Ans. C

Explanation:

The practices for preventing neonatal tetanus include clean hands, clean delivery surface, clean cord care i.e. clean blade for cutting cord, clean cord tie and no application on cord stump.

Ref: Park 21st edition, page 287.

 


Q. 7

In reproductive and child health programme, districts are divided on the basis of-

 A

Crude birth rate & infant mortality rate

 B

Crude birth rate & female literacy rate

 C

Crude death rate & crude birth rate

 D

Couple protection rate & infant mortality rate

Q. 7

In reproductive and child health programme, districts are divided on the basis of-

 A

Crude birth rate & infant mortality rate

 B

Crude birth rate & female literacy rate

 C

Crude death rate & crude birth rate

 D

Couple protection rate & infant mortality rate

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘b’ i.e., Crude Birth Rate & Female Literacy Rate 


Q. 8

False regarding Janani suraksha yojna:

September 2011

 A

Launched on 12th April, 2005

 B

Every pregnant women is provided cash assistance

 C

Provision of cash assistance to ASHA as well

 D

Benefit is awarded upto 2 live births

Q. 8

False regarding Janani suraksha yojna:

September 2011

 A

Launched on 12th April, 2005

 B

Every pregnant women is provided cash assistance

 C

Provision of cash assistance to ASHA as well

 D

Benefit is awarded upto 2 live births

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. B: Every pregnant women is provided cash assistance

In High performing states, eligibility of cash assistance is for pregnant women below poverty line, aged 19 years and above and SC and ST women only.

In Low performing states, every women delivering in government health center or accredited private institutions are given financial assistance.

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)

  • It is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neo-natal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among the poor pregnant women.
  • The Yojana, launched on 12th April 2005, by the Hon’ble Prime Minister, is being implemented in all states and UTs with special focus on low performing states.
  • JSY is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme and it integrates cash assistance with delivery and post-delivery care.
  • The success of the scheme would be determined by the increase in institutional delivery among the poor families
  • The Yojana has identified ASHA, the accredited social health activist as an effective link between the Government and the poor pregnant women in 10 low performing states, namely Uttar Pradesh, Uttarachal, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Rajasthan, Chhatisgarh, Orissa, Assam and JandK and the remaining NE States.
  • In other eligible states and UTs, wherever, AWW/ anganwadi worker and TBAs/ trained birth attendants or ASHA
    like activist has been engaged in this purpose, she can be associated with this Yojana for providing the services.
  • Role of ASHA or other link health worker associated with JSY would be to:

–               Identify pregnant woman as a beneficiary of the scheme and report or facilitate registration for ANC,

–               Assist the pregnant woman to obtain necessary certifications wherever necessary

–               Provide and/or help the women in receiving at least three ANC checkups including TT injections, IFA tablets,

–               Identify a functional Government health center or an accredited private health institution for referral and delivery,

–               Counsel for institutional delivery,

–               Escort the beneficiary women to the pre-determined health center and stay with her till the woman is discharged,

–               Arrange to immunize the newborn till the age of 14 weeks,

–               Inform about the birth or death of the child or mother to the ANM/ MO,

–               Post natal visit within 7 days of delivery to track mother’s health after delivery and facilitate in obtaining care, wherever necessary,

–               Counsel for initiation of breastfeeding to the newborn within one-hour of delivery and its continuance till 3-6 months and promote family planning.

Important Features of JSY:

  • The scheme focuses on the poor pregnant woman with special dispensation for states having low institutional delivery rates namely the states of
  • Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir.
  • While these states have been named as Low Performing States (LPS), the remaining states have been named as High performing States (HPS).
  • Tracking Each Pregnancy: Each beneficiary registered under this Yojana should have a JSY card along with a MCH card.
  • ASHA/ AWW/any other identified link worker under the overall supervision of the ANM and the MO, PHC should mandatorily prepare a micro-birth plan. Please see.

Q. 9

Janani Suraksha Yojana is applicable to poor women of low performing states for ‑

 A

First 2 pregnancies

 B

First 3 pregnancies

 C

First 2 live births

 D

All births

Q. 9

Janani Suraksha Yojana is applicable to poor women of low performing states for ‑

 A

First 2 pregnancies

 B

First 3 pregnancies

 C

First 2 live births

 D

All births

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘d’ i.e., All births

Janani Suraksha Yojana

The National Maternity Benefit scheme has been modified into a new scheme called Janani Suraksha Yojana.

It was launched on 12th April, 2005.

The objectives of scheme are reducing maternal and infant mortality through encouraging delivery at health, institutions, and focusing at institutional care among women in below poverty line.

Salient features of JSY:

  1. It is 100% centrally sponsored
  2. It combines ‘benefit of cash assistance with institutional care’
  3. Eligibility of cash assistance.
  4. In low performing states (LPS) : All women undergoing institutional deliveries
  5. In high performing states (HPS) : Below poverty line women aged 19 years and above; SC/ST pregnant women
  6. Limitation of cash assistance
  7. In low performing states (LPS) : All births in institutions
  8. In high performing states (HPS) : upto 2 live births.




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