A. Achalasia cardia.
B. Reflux oesophagitis.
C. Carcinoma oesophagus.
D. Hiatus hernia.
Ans;A. Achalasia cardia.
The medical condition represented by an red arrow in the picture above indicates Achalasia cardia.
Achalasia is a rare disease of the muscle of the lower esophageal body and the lower esophageal sphincter that prevents relaxation of the sphincter and an absence of contractions, or peristalsis, of the esophagus.
Causes of achalasia:
- The main cause of achalasia is degeneration of the nerve cells in the esophagus (the food pipe).
Common symptoms of achalasia include
- difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia),
- chest pain, and
- regurgitation of food and liquids.