C. Aortic stenosis.
D. Mental retardation.
The disorder shown in the picture above represents congenital Rubella.
Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) results in a range of transient abnormalities at birth, which need not concern us now, congenital defects including sensorineural deafness, congenital heart disease, cataract, choroidoretinitis, growth retardation, microcephaly, mental retardation and urogenital abnormalities.
The classic diagnostic triad was cataracts, cardiac abnormalities and deafness. Delayed consequences include diabetes, thyroid disorders, behavioural disorders and panencephalitis. About 40% of children weighed less than 2.5 kg at birth, and most failed to catch up with their peers subsequently.
Nerve deafness is the single most common clinical finding among infant with congenital Rubella syndrome.
- PDA is the most common CHD in congenital rubella syndrome.
- Classical triad of congenital rubella consists of –3 Cataract, Deafness, CHD
- Mental retardation is also common.