A. 2 weeks
B. 3 weeks
C. 2 months
D. 3 months
Ans is C. 2 months
Organ shown: Liver
Acute liver failure is defined as “the rapid development of hepatocellular dysfunction, specifically coagulopathy and mental status changes (encephalopathy) in a patient without known prior liver disease
The exact definition of “rapid” is somewhat questionable, and different sub-divisions exist which are based on the time from onset of first hepatic symptoms to onset of encephalopathy. One scheme defines “acute hepatic failure” as the development of encephalopathy within 26 weeks of the onset of any hepatic symptoms.
This is sub-divided into “fulminant hepatic failure”, which requires onset of encephalopathy within 8 weeks, and “subfulminant”, which describes onset of encephalopathy after 8 weeks but before 26 weeks.
Another scheme defines “hyperacute” as onset within 7 days, “acute” as onset between 7 and 28 days, and “subacute” as onset between 28 days and 24 weeks