A. Binet: Obstructive Sleep Apnea
B. Epworth: Obstructive Sleep Apnea
C. Bender Gestalt: ADHD
D. Nancy Bayley: Autism
Ans: B. Epworth: Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
The Epworth Sleepiness Scale
- Dr. Johns first developed the ESS for adults in 1990; Modified done in 1997.
- Developed to assess the ‘daytime sleepiness’ of patients in his own private practice of Sleep Medicine.
- Named the questionnaire after Epworth Hospital in Melbourne, where he established the Epworth Sleep Centre in 1988.
- ESS is a self-administered questionnaire with 8 questions.
- Respondents are asked to rate, on a 4-point scale (0-3), their usual chances of dozing off or falling asleep while engaged in eight different activities.
- Most people engage in those activities at least occasionally, although not necessarily every day.
- The ESS score (the sum of 8 item scores, 0-3) can range from 0 to 24.
- The higher the ESS score, the higher that person’s average sleep propensity in daily life (ASP), or their ‘daytime sleepiness’.
- The questionnaire takes no more than 2 or 3 minutes to answer. It is available in many different languages.
- This can be helpful in diagnosing sleep disorders.
- Primarily in obstructive sleep apnea, also shown success in detecting narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia.
- After measuring excessive daytime sleepiness is repeated after administration of treatment (e.g., CPAP) to document improvement of symptoms