- Derived from Cannabis sativa.
- Most commonly used illegal drug.
- Active ingredient – δ-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
- Can be ingested orally/more commonly smoked.
- No significant withdrawal symptoms.
- Subjective sense of slowing of time
- Sense of floating in air.
- Reddening of conjunctiva (due to dilatation of conjunctival blood vessels).
- Increased appetite.
- Dryness of mouth.
- “Bad trip” – Restless, fearful, extremely anxious (similar to panic attack).
- Synesthesia (cross-over of sensory perceptions).
- Cannabis-induced psychotic disorder (hemp insanity):
- Psychotic symptoms (Delusions & hallucinations).
- Cannabis-induced anxiety disorders.
- Characterized by recurrence of cannabis use experience in absence of current cannabis use.
- Described as rage development (may hurt or even kill others)in an indiscriminate fashion.
- Characterized by an unwillingness to persist in any task (at school/work) & uninterested, lethargic & pathetic.
- No withdrawal symptoms – No treatment mostly required.
- Short-term treatment – Benzodiazepines.
- Long-term treatment – Psychotherapeutic approach (cognitive behavioral therapy, family therapy or group therapies).
- Cannabis is derived from Cannabis sativa.
- Cannabis is most commonly used illegal drug.
- Active ingredient of cannabis is δ-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
- Cannabis intoxication manifests reddening of conjunctiva, increased appetite & bad trip.
- “Bad trip” means felling restless, fearful, extremely anxious (similar to panic attack) after cannabis consumption.
- Synesthesia (cross-over of sensory perceptions) occurs as a result of cannabis intoxication.
- Flash-back phenomenon is characterized by recurrence of cannabis use experience in absence of current cannabis use.
- Running amok is described as development of rage (may hurt or even kill others)in an indiscriminate fashion after cannabis consumption.
- Amotivational syndrome is characterized by an unwillingness to persist in any task (at school/work) & uninterested, lethargic & pathetic as a result of cannabis consumption.