Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Act

MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY (MTP) ACT

Q. 1

For MTP consent is taken from

 A

Wife only

 B

Husband only

 C

Both

 D

Neither

Q. 1

For MTP consent is taken from

 A

Wife only

 B

Husband only

 C

Both

 D

Neither

Ans. A

Explanation:

A i.e. Wife only

– MTP Act 1971 allows registered medical practioner with certified experience (by CMO, of assisting  25 MTP cases) to perform abortion in a licenced setup (Governement or private). The consent of only women is required before conducting abortion; written consent of guardian is required if the women is a minor or mentally ill. Consent of husband is not necessaryQ.

MTP Act 1971 does not allow abortion on poor socioeconomic grounds and if only husband (not mother) is willingQ. Rape; contraceptive failure, use of cytotoxic drugs, risk of delivering seriously handicapped baby, and injury to physical & mental health of mother are valid grounds for MTP.


Q. 2

The MTP act defines the following –

 A

Who should do termination of pregnancy

 B

Where it should be done

 C

When it should be done

 D

All of the above

Q. 2

The MTP act defines the following –

 A

Who should do termination of pregnancy

 B

Where it should be done

 C

When it should be done

 D

All of the above

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘d’ i.e., All of the above 

Medical termination of pregnancy act (1971)

o The MTP act, 1971 lays down

1.       The conditions under which a pregnancy can be terminated.

2.       The person or persons who can perform such terminations.

3.       The place where such terminations can be performed.


Q. 3

Consent from guardian/husband for MTP is required if –

 A

Female is below 28 years of age

 B

Female is below 23 years of age

 C

Female is below 17 years of age

 D

All

Q. 3

Consent from guardian/husband for MTP is required if –

 A

Female is below 28 years of age

 B

Female is below 23 years of age

 C

Female is below 17 years of age

 D

All

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘c’ i.e., Female is below 17 years of age 

The conditions under which a pregnancy can be terminated under the MTP Act. 1971 :

There are 5 conditions that have been identified in the Act :

a.       Medical – where continuation of the pregnancy might endanger the mother’s life or cause grave injury to her physical or mental health.

b.       Eugenic – where there is substantial risk of the child being born with serious handicaps due to physical or mental abnormalities.

c.        Humanitarian – where pregnancy is the result of rape

d.       Socio-economic – where actual or reasonably foreseeable environments (whether social or economic could lead to risk of injury to the health of the mother).

e.        Failure of contraceptive devices – The anguish caused by an unwanted pregnancy resulting from a failure of any contraceptive device or method can be presumed to constitute a grave mental injury to the health of the mother. This condition is a unique feature of the Indian law and virtually allows abortion on request, in view of the difficulty of proving that a pregnancy was not caused by failure of contraception.

The written consent of the guardian is necessary before performing abortion in women under 18 years of age, and in lunatics even if they are older than 18 years.

Quiz In Between


Q. 4

MTP Act in India does not permit termination of pregnancy after:       

Delhi 06; AP 06; JIPMER 14

 A

12 weeks

 B

16 weeks

 C

20 weeks

 D

24 weeks

Q. 4

MTP Act in India does not permit termination of pregnancy after:       

Delhi 06; AP 06; JIPMER 14

 A

12 weeks

 B

16 weeks

 C

20 weeks

 D

24 weeks

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. 20 weeks


Q. 5

According to MTP Act, 2 doctors opinion is required when pregnancy is:        

Maharashtra 09

 A

6 weeks

 B

10 weeks

 C

> 12 weeks

 D

> 20 weeks

Q. 5

According to MTP Act, 2 doctors opinion is required when pregnancy is:        

Maharashtra 09

 A

6 weeks

 B

10 weeks

 C

> 12 weeks

 D

> 20 weeks

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. > 12 weeks


Q. 6

Under the MTP Act, termination of pregnancy can be done by:          

Rohtak 08

 A

Any registered medical practitioner (RMP)

 B

Any RMP with MD/MS degree in Obs and Gynae

 C

Any RMP with 6 months residency in any depar intent

 D

Any RMP with a minimum of 3 months residency in Obs and Gynae

Q. 6

Under the MTP Act, termination of pregnancy can be done by:          

Rohtak 08

 A

Any registered medical practitioner (RMP)

 B

Any RMP with MD/MS degree in Obs and Gynae

 C

Any RMP with 6 months residency in any depar intent

 D

Any RMP with a minimum of 3 months residency in Obs and Gynae

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. Any RMP with MD/MS degree in Obs and Gynae

Quiz In Between


Q. 7

Indication of MTP-

 A

Pregnancy due to rape

 B

Contraceptive failure

 C

Pregnancy endangering mother’s life

 D

All of the above

Q. 7

Indication of MTP-

 A

Pregnancy due to rape

 B

Contraceptive failure

 C

Pregnancy endangering mother’s life

 D

All of the above

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘d’ i.e., All of the above

The conditions under which pregnancy can be terminated under the MTPAct

  • There are 4 conditions that have been identified in the Act :
  1. Medical – Where continuation of the pregnancy might endanger the mother’s life or cause grave injury to her physical or mental health.
  2. Eugenic – Where there is substantial risk of the child being born with serious handicaps due to physical or mental abnormalities.
  3. Humanitarian – Where pregnancy is the result of rape.
  4. Failure of contraceptive devices – The anguish caused by an unwanted pregnancy resulting from a failure of any contraceptive device or method can be presumed to constitute a grave mental injury to the health of the mother. This condition is a unique feature of the Indian law and virtually allows abortion on request, in view of the difficulty of proving that a pregnancy was not caused by failure of contraception

Q. 8

MTP Act of 1971 provides for termination of pregnancy till how many weeks of pregnancy ‑

 A

12 weeks

 B

16 weeks

 C

20 weeks

 D

24 weeks

Q. 8

MTP Act of 1971 provides for termination of pregnancy till how many weeks of pregnancy ‑

 A

12 weeks

 B

16 weeks

 C

20 weeks

 D

24 weeks

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘c’ i.e., 20 weeks 

Medical termination of pregnancy act (19711

  • The MTP act, 1971 lays down
  1. The conditions under which a pregnancy can be terminated.
  2. The person or persons who can perform such terminations.
  3. The place where such terminations can be performed.
  4. The conditions under which a pregnancy can be terminated under the MTPAct. 1971 :
  5. There are 5 conditions that have been identified in the Act :
  • Medical – where continuation of the pregnancy might endanger the mother’s life or cause grave injury to her physical or mental health.
  • Eugenic – where there is substantial risk of the child being born with serious handicaps due to physical or mental abnormalities.
  • Humanitarian – where pregnancy is the result of rape
  • Socio-economic – where actual or reasonably foreseeable environments (whether social or economic could lead to risk of injury to the health of the mother).
  • Failure of contraceptive devices – The anguish caused by an unwanted pregnancy resulting from a failure of any contraceptive device or method can be presumed to constitute a grave mental injury to the health of the mother. This condition is a unique feature of the Indian law and virtually allows abortion on request, in view of the difficulty of proving that a pregnancy was not caused by failure of contraception.
  • The written consent of the guardian is necessary before performing abortion in women under 18 years of age, and in lunatics even if they are older than 18 years.
  • The person or persons who can perform abortion The Act provides safeguards to the mother by authorising only a Registered Medical Practitioner having experience in gynaecology and obstetrics to perform abortion where the length of pregnancy does not exceed 12 weeks. o However, where the pregnancy exceeds 12 weeks and is not more than 20 weeks, the opinion of two Ragistered o Medical Practitioners is necessary to terminate the pregnancy.
  • Where abortion can be done
  • The Act stipulates that no termination of pregnancy shall be made at any place other than a hospital established or maintained by Government or a place approved for the purpose of this Act by Government.
  • Abortion services are provided in hospitals in strict confidence. The name of the abortion seeker is kept confidential, since abortion has been treated statutorily as a personal matter.

Quiz In Between



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