Nipah Virus

Nipah virus

Q. 1

Nipah virus is associated with epidemics of:

 A

Hepatitis

 B

Encephalitis

 C

Pneumonia

 D

All of the above

Q. 1

Nipah virus is associated with epidemics of:

 A

Hepatitis

 B

Encephalitis

 C

Pneumonia

 D

All of the above

Ans. B

Explanation:

Nipah virus is a zoonotic virus that causes outbreaks of fatal encephalitis. Outbreak occurred in West Bengal in 2001
 
Ref: National Health Programmes in India, J.Kishore, 10th edition pg: 391

Q. 2

Emergence or resurgence seen in which of the following organisms –

 A

Poliovirus

 B

Measles virus

 C

Nipah virus

 D

All

Q. 2

Emergence or resurgence seen in which of the following organisms –

 A

Poliovirus

 B

Measles virus

 C

Nipah virus

 D

All

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘c’ i.e., Nipah virus


Q. 3

New infectious agents are –

 A

Nipah virus

 B

Pncumocystis jieruveci

 C

Corona virus

 D

a and c 

Q. 3

New infectious agents are –

 A

Nipah virus

 B

Pncumocystis jieruveci

 C

Corona virus

 D

a and c 

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘a’ i.e., Nipah virus, ‘c’ i.e., Corona virus 

. See above explanation.

Note- SARS is a corona virus.


Q. 4

True about Nipah virus are all except ‑

 A

Is a paramyxovirus

 B

Causes hemorrhagic fever

 C

Emerging infection

 D

Present in India

Q. 4

True about Nipah virus are all except ‑

 A

Is a paramyxovirus

 B

Causes hemorrhagic fever

 C

Emerging infection

 D

Present in India

Ans. B

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘b’ i.e., Causes hemorrhagic fever

Nipah virus is an emerging infectious agent belongs to paramyxoviridae.

It was first isolated in Malaysia in 1998, causing encephalitis in domestic pigs, with direct transmission from pigs to human.

There have been Nipah virus infection outbreaks in pigs in Malaysia and Singapore and human disease in Malaysia, Singapore, India and Bangladesh.

Typically the human infection presents as an encephalitis syndrome marked by fever headache, drowsiness, disorientation, mental confusion, coma and death.



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