Sympathetic Receptors

SYMPATHETIC RECEPTORS

Q. 1

Adreneric β receptors having lipolysis property in fat cells is?

 A

Alpha 1 

 B

Alpha 2

 C

Beta 1

 D

Beta 3

Q. 1

Adreneric β receptors having lipolysis property in fat cells is?

 A

Alpha 1 

 B

Alpha 2

 C

Beta 1

 D

Beta 3

Ans. D

Explanation:

Beta -3.

  • Beta 3 receptors are present on adipose tissue.
    • Hence, cause lipolysis.
  • Also present in,
    • Coronary arteries – Causing vasodilation
    • Urinary bladder – Causing relaxation.

Q. 2

Alpha 2 agonist cause all of the following except?

 A

Analgesia

 B

Hyperalgesia

 C

Sedation

 D

Anxiolysis

Q. 2

Alpha 2 agonist cause all of the following except?

 A

Analgesia

 B

Hyperalgesia

 C

Sedation

 D

Anxiolysis

Ans. B

Explanation:

Hyperalgesia

  • Alpha 2 agonist causes analgesia, not hyperalgesia.

Q. 3

Which of the following drug is a long-acting beta-2-agonist?

 A

Albuterol

 B

Salmeterol

 C

Pirbuterol

 D

Orciprenaline

Q. 3

Which of the following drug is a long-acting beta-2-agonist?

 A

Albuterol

 B

Salmeterol

 C

Pirbuterol

 D

Orciprenaline

Ans. B

Explanation:

Salmeterol

  • Long acting beta-2-agonist.
  • Whereas others are all short-acting agents.

Q. 4

Which of the following is an adverse effects of beta-2-agonist?

 A

Hypoglycemia

 B

Hypomegnesemia

 C

Hypophosphatemia

 D

Hypokalemia

Q. 4

Which of the following is an adverse effects of beta-2-agonist?

 A

Hypoglycemia

 B

Hypomegnesemia

 C

Hypophosphatemia

 D

Hypokalemia

Ans. D

Explanation:

Hypokalemia.

  • Beta-2-agonist causes a brief spell of hyperkalemia followed by hypokalemia.
  • Doesn’t causes hypoglycemia, however delays the recovery from hypoglycemia.

Q. 5

A child on beta-2-agonist for treatment of bronchial asthma may exhibit all of the following features except?

 A

Tremors

 B

Hypoglycemia

 C

Hypokalemia

 D

Bronchodilation

Q. 5

A child on beta-2-agonist for treatment of bronchial asthma may exhibit all of the following features except?

 A

Tremors

 B

Hypoglycemia

 C

Hypokalemia

 D

Bronchodilation

Ans. B

Explanation:

Hypoglycemia.

  • Beta-2-agonist are the inhand bronchodilators used for the management of bronchial asthma.
  • Tremor is a dose-related adverse effect of these drugs.
  • Brief hyperkalemia followed by hypokalemia is an important adverse effect of these agents. 
  • Do not cause hypoglycemia.

Q. 6

Uses of alpha-2-agonist are all except?

 A

Sedation

 B

Glaucoma

 C

Benign Hyperplasia of prostate

 D

Hypertension

Q. 6

Uses of alpha-2-agonist are all except?

 A

Sedation

 B

Glaucoma

 C

Benign Hyperplasia of prostate

 D

Hypertension

Ans. C

Explanation:

Benign Hyperplasia of prostate.


Q. 7

True statement out of the following is/are?

 A

Beta-1 receptors in heart stimulates its contractions

 B

Beta-2 receptors in heart stimulates its contractions.

 C

Beta-2 receptors are present in smooth muscles.

 D

Alpha-1 receptors causes preganglionic stimulation.

Q. 7

True statement out of the following is/are?

 A

Beta-1 receptors in heart stimulates its contractions

 B

Beta-2 receptors in heart stimulates its contractions.

 C

Beta-2 receptors are present in smooth muscles.

 D

Alpha-1 receptors causes preganglionic stimulation.

Ans. A:C

Explanation:

A) Beta-1 receptors in heart stimulates its contractions.

C) Beta-2 receptors are present in smooth muscles.


Q. 8

Stimulation of which receptor will release renin?

 A

Alpha – 1

 B

Alpha – 2

 C

Beta -1

 D

Beta -2

Q. 8

Stimulation of which receptor will release renin?

 A

Alpha – 1

 B

Alpha – 2

 C

Beta -1

 D

Beta -2

Ans. C

Explanation:

beta-1 receptors 


Q. 9

Beta blockers are indicated for all of the following conditions except?

 A

Hypothroidism

 B

alcohol withdrawal 

 C

portal hypertension

 D

performance anxiety

Q. 9

Beta blockers are indicated for all of the following conditions except?

 A

Hypothroidism

 B

alcohol withdrawal 

 C

portal hypertension

 D

performance anxiety

Ans. A

Explanation:

Hypothyroidism.

  • Beta blockers are used to treat hyperthyroidism (Not hypothyroidism).
  • Beta blockers are the only drugs offering prophylactic benefit in patiwnt with “varies” whose never bleed.


Leave a Reply

Free Mini Course on Stomach

Mini Course – Stomach

22 High Yield Topics in Stomach

in Just 2 Hours

Submission received, thank you!

Close Window
%d bloggers like this:
Malcare WordPress Security