The Transplantation of Human Organs Act – 1994

The Transplantation of Human Organs Act – 1994

Q. 1

According to the transplantation of Human organs act 1994, what is the punishment for a doctor found guilty

 A

Less than I year

 B

Less than 2 year

 C

2 to 5 years

 D

More than 5 years

Q. 1

According to the transplantation of Human organs act 1994, what is the punishment for a doctor found guilty

 A

Less than I year

 B

Less than 2 year

 C

2 to 5 years

 D

More than 5 years

Ans. C

Explanation:

C ie 2-5 years

If a doctor is found guilty for unauthorized removal of human organ, or for commercial dealings etc, he can be punished with imprisonment up to 5 years and fine of 10000 Rs and removal of name from register of state medical council for 2 year for first offence and permanently for subsequent offence (according to the transplantation of human organs act 1994). But a/t 2011 Amendment the punishment has become imprisonment upto 10 years with fine extending upto 20 lakh Rs and removal of name from register of state medical council for a period of 3 years for first offence and permanently for subsequent offence.


Q. 2

In which of the following year the Transplantation of Human Organs Act was passed by Government of India ?

 A

1994

 B

1996

 C

2000

 D

2002

Q. 2

In which of the following year the Transplantation of Human Organs Act was passed by Government of India ?

 A

1994

 B

1996

 C

2000

 D

2002

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. is ‘a’ i.e., 1994

o To prevent commercialization or fraudulent activities in relation to organ transplantation, the Government of India passed the Transplantation of Ilu man Organs Act on 8th July, 1994.


Q. 3

In which of the following year the transplantation of human organs act was passed by Government of India

 A

1994

 B

1996

 C

2000

 D

2002

Q. 3

In which of the following year the transplantation of human organs act was passed by Government of India

 A

1994

 B

1996

 C

2000

 D

2002

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans is a i.e. 1994


Q. 4

Transplantation of Human Organs Act was passed in:          

Al 06; NEET 14

 A

1994

 B

1996

 C

2000

 D

2002

Q. 4

Transplantation of Human Organs Act was passed in:          

Al 06; NEET 14

 A

1994

 B

1996

 C

2000

 D

2002

Ans. A

Explanation:

Ans. 1994


Q. 5

Which of the following is outside the purview of Transplantation of Human Organs Act?

Odisha 11

 A

Eyes

 B

Eardrums

 C

Ear bones

 D

Bone marrow

Q. 5

Which of the following is outside the purview of Transplantation of Human Organs Act?

Odisha 11

 A

Eyes

 B

Eardrums

 C

Ear bones

 D

Bone marrow

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans. Bone marrow


Q. 6

All are involved in brainstem death certification under the Transplantation of Human Organs Act, except:

MP 10

 

 A

The doctor, in-charge of hospital in which the brain-stem death occurred

 B

A neurologist or a neurosurgeon, nominated by the in-charge, from the panel.

 C

A doctor involved in the transplantation procedure

 D

The doctor treating the person whose brainstem death has occurred

Q. 6

All are involved in brainstem death certification under the Transplantation of Human Organs Act, except:

MP 10

 

 A

The doctor, in-charge of hospital in which the brain-stem death occurred

 B

A neurologist or a neurosurgeon, nominated by the in-charge, from the panel.

 C

A doctor involved in the transplantation procedure

 D

The doctor treating the person whose brainstem death has occurred

Ans. C

Explanation:

Ans. A doctor involved in the transplantation procedure


Q. 7

5. According to Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994, punishment for doctor if found guilty:

AIIMS 11

 A

2 years

 B

5 years

 C

7 years

 D

2-5 years

Q. 7

5. According to Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 1994, punishment for doctor if found guilty:

AIIMS 11

 A

2 years

 B

5 years

 C

7 years

 D

2-5 years

Ans. D

Explanation:

Ans.D.)2- 5 years.

THE TRANSPLANTATION OF HUMAN ORGANS AND TISSUES ACT, 1994
Punishment for removal of human organ without authority.

  • (1) Any person who renders his services to or at any hospital and who, for purposes of transplantation, conducts, associates with, or helps in any manner in, the removal of any human organ without authority, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to [ten years and with fine which may extend to twenty lakh rupees].
  • (2) Where any person convicted under sub-section (1) is a registered medical practitioner, his name shall be reported by the Appropriate Authority to the respective State Medical Council for taking necessary action including the removal of his name from the register of the Council for a period of [three years] for the first offence and permanently for the subsequent offence.
  • [(3) Any person who renders his services to or at any hospital and who conducts, or associates with or helps in any manner in the removal of human tissue without authority, shall be punishable with
  • imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and with fine which may extend to five lakh rupees.]

Punishment for commercial dealings in human organs.—Whoever—

  • (a) makes or receives any payment for the supply of, or for an offer to supply, any human organ;
  • (b) seeks to find a person willing to supply for payment any human organ;
  • (c) offers to supply any human organ for payment; or
  • (d) initiates or negotiates any arrangement involving the making of any payment for the supply of, or for an offer to supply, any human organ;
  • (e) takes part in the management or control of a body of persons, whether a society, firm or company, whose activities consist of or include the initiation or negotiation of any arrangement referred to in clause (d); or (f) publishes or distributes or causes to be published or distributed any advertisement,—
  • (a) inviting persons to supply for payment of any human organ;
  • (b) offering to supply any human organ for payment; or(c) indicating that the advertiser is willing to initiate or negotiate any arrangement referred
  • to in clause (d);
  • [(g) abets in the preparation or submission of false documents including giving false affidavits to establish that the donor is making the donation of the human organs, as a near relative or by reason of affection or attachment towards the recipient,
  • shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than [five years but which may extend to ten years and shall be liable to fine which shall not be less than twenty lakh rupees but may extend to one crore rupees].

 Punishment for illegal dealings in human tissues.—Whoever—

  • (a) makes or receives any payment for the supply of, or for an offer to supply, any human tissue; or
  • (b) seeks to find a person willing to supply for payment and human tissue; or
  • (c) offers to supply any human tissue for payment; or
  • (d) initiates or negotiates any arrangement involving the making of any payment for the supply of, or for an offer to supply, any human tissue; or
  • (e) takes part in the management or control of a body of persons, whether a society, firm or company, whose activities consist of or include the initiation or negotiation of any arrangement referred to in clause (d); or (f) publishes or distributes or causes to be published or distributed any advertisement—
    • (i) inviting persons to supply for payment of any human tissue; or
    • (ii) offering to supply any human tissue for payment; or
    • (iii) indicating that the advertiser is willing to initiate or negotiate any arrangement referred to in clause (d); or
  • (g) abets in the preparation or submission of false documents including giving false affidavits to establish that the donor is making the donation of the human tissues as a near relative or by reason of
  • affection or attachment towards the recipient,
  • shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year but which may extend to three years and shall be liable to fine which shall not be less than five lakh rupees but which may extend to twenty-five lakh rupees.]

Punishment for contravention of any other provision of this Act.

  • Whoever contravenes any provision of this Act or any rule made, or any condition of the registration granted, thereunder for which no punishment is separately provided in this Act, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to [five years or with fine which may extend to twenty lakh rupees].


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